Roosevelt's Lost Alliances: How Personal Politics Helped Start the Cold War

Roosevelt's Lost Alliances: How Personal Politics Helped Start the Cold War

By: Frank Costigliola (author)Hardback

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In the spring of 1945, as the Allied victory in Europe was approaching, the shape of the postwar world hinged on the personal politics and flawed personalities of Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin. "Roosevelt's Lost Alliances" captures this moment and shows how FDR crafted a winning coalition by overcoming the different habits, upbringings, sympathies, and past experiences of the three leaders. In particular, Roosevelt trained his famous charm on Stalin, lavishing respect on him, salving his insecurities, and rendering him more amenable to compromise on some matters. Yet, even as he pursued a lasting peace, FDR was alienating his own intimate circle of advisers and becoming dangerously isolated. After his death, postwar cooperation depended on Harry Truman, who, with very different sensibilities, heeded the embittered "Soviet experts" his predecessor had kept distant. A Grand Alliance was painstakingly built and carelessly lost. The Cold War was by no means inevitable. This landmark study brings to light key overlooked documents, such as the Yalta diary of Roosevelt's daughter Anna; the intimate letters of Roosevelt's de facto chief of staff, Missy LeHand; and, the wiretap transcripts of estranged adviser Harry Hopkins. With a gripping narrative and subtle analysis, "Roosevelt's Lost Alliances" lays out a new approach to foreign relations history. Frank Costigliola highlights the interplay between national political interests and more contingent factors, such as the personalities of leaders and the culturally conditioned emotions forming their perceptions and driving their actions. Foreign relations flowed from personal politics - a lesson pertinent to historians, diplomats, and citizens alike.

About Author

Frank Costigliola is professor of history at the University of Connecticut and former president of the Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations. He is the author of "France and the United States" and "Awkward Dominion".


Introduction 1 CHAPTER 1: A Portrait of the Allies as Young Men: Franklin, Winston, and Koba 21 CHAPTER 2: From Missy to Molotov: The Women and Men Who Sustained the Big Three 58 CHAPTER 3: The Personal Touch: Forming the Alliance, January-August 1941 97 CHAPTER 4: Transcending Differences: Eden Goes to Moscow and Churchill to Washington, December 1941 141 CHAPTER 5: Creating the "Family Circle": The Tortuous Path to Tehran, 1942-43 163 CHAPTER 6: "I've Worked It Out": Roosevelt's Plan to Win the Peace and Defy Death, 1944-45 205 CHAPTER 7: The Diplomacy of Trauma: Kennan and His Colleagues in Moscow, 1933-46 259 CHAPTER 8: Guns and Kisses in the Kremlin: Ambassadors Harriman and Clark Kerr Encounter Stalin, 1943-46 291 CHAPTER 9: "Roosevelt's Death Has Changed Everything": Truman's First Days, April-June 1945 312 CHAPTER 10: The Lost Alliance: Widespread Anxiety and Deepening Ideology, July 1945-March 1946 359 Conclusion and Epilogue 418 Acknowledgments 429 Bibliographical Note 433 Notes 437 Index 523

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780691121291
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 544
  • ID: 9780691121291
  • weight: 879
  • ISBN10: 069112129X

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