'Rural infrastructure is critical to both economic and social development. Its absence thwarts growth and, typically, the poor are those hurt the most. The purpose of this paper is to serve as a basis for knowledge management on rural infrastructure.' In the 1970s, the primary, if not the unique, objective of rural infrastructure lending was to get rural infrastructure built. However, the institutional aspects of how this infrastructure was to be built, and later how it would be operated and maintained, did not receive much attention. Only recently has poverty alleviation through employment creation become an explicit objective of rural infrastructure investments. This review tracks the poverty alleviation objective of rural infrastructure projects using three criteria: 1. whether poverty was an explicit criterion in the selection of specific sub-projects; 2. whether poverty was addressed in the pricing of rural infrastructure services; and 3. whether poverty was addressed through the creation of employment.