Rural Revolt in Mexico is a historical investigation of how subaltern political activity engages imperialism, capitalism, and the United States. In this volume, Daniel Nugent has gathered a group of leading scholars whose work examines the relationship of revolts by peasants and Indians in Mexico to the past century of U.S. intervention-from the rural rebellions of the 1840s through the 1910 revolution to the 1994 uprising in Chiapas.
Through their studies of social movements and popular mobilization in the Mexican countryside, the contributors argue for understanding rural revolts in terms of the specific historical contexts of particular regions and peoples, as well as the broader context of unequal cultural, political, and economic relations between Mexico and the United States. Exploring the connections between external and internal factors in social movements, these essays reveal the wide range of organized efforts through which peasants and Indians have struggled to shape their own destiny while confronted by the influence of U.S. capital and military might. Originally published as a limited edition in 1988 by the Center for U. S.-Mexican Studies, this volume presents a pioneering effort by Latin Americanist scholars to sympathetically embrace and enrich work begun in Subaltern Studies between 1982 and 1987 by projecting it onto a different region of historical experience. This revised and expanded edition includes a new introduction by Daniel Nugent and an extensive essay by Adolfo Gilly on the recent Chiapas uprising.
Daniel Nugent (1954-1997) was a professor of anthropology and Latin American studies, a managing editor of the Journal of Historical Sociology, and coeditor of Everyday Forms of State Formation, also published by Duke University Press.
Foreword / William Roseberry xi Preface xvii Introduction: Reasons to Be Cheerful / Daniel Nugent 1 I. Popular Nationalism and Anti-Imperialism in the Mexican Countryside The United States and the Mexican Peasantry, circa 1880-1940 / Alan Knight 25 Measuring Influence: The United States and the Mexican Peasantry / John H. Coatsworth 64 Social Unrest, Nationalism, and American Capital in the Mexican Countryside, 1876-1920 / John Mason Hart 72 Villismo: Nationalism and Popular Mobilization in Northern Mexico / Ruben Osorio 89 II. Class, Ethnicity, and Space in Mexican Rural Revolts Rancheros and Rebellion: The Case of Northwestern Chihuahua, 1905-1909 / Jane-Dale Lloyd 107 Mixtec Political Consciousness: From Passive to Active Resistance / Michael Kearney 134 Space and Revolution in Northeastern Chihuahua / Maria Teresa Koreck 147 III. U.S. Intervention and Popular Ideology The United States, Feuding Elites, and Rural Revolt in Yucatan, 1836-1915 / Gilbert M. Joseph 173 U.S. Military Intervention, Revolutionary Mobilization, and Popular Ideology in the Chihuahua Sierra, 1916-1917 / Ana Maria Alonso 207 From Alliance to Dependency: The Formation and Deformation of an Alliance between Francisco Villa and the United States / Friedrich Katz 239 IV. Resistance and Persistence Chiapas and the Rebellion of the Enchanted World / Adolfo Gilly 261 Bibliography 335 Index 365 Contributors 381