This significant history of late Tsarist Russia was first published in 1877; reissued here is the edition of 1912, the last to be revised and updated by its author, Sir Donald Mackenzie Wallace (1841-1919). Having been orphaned at an early age, but with private means, Wallace spent most of his twenties studying law, philosophy and ethics at various European universities. He was invited to visit Russia in order to study the language and customs of the Ossetians, a nomadic tribe of south Russia, but stayed for six years, studying the Russians themselves and their vast country: the first edition of this influential and still relevant work was the result. Wallace became a foreign correspondent for The Times, and was associated with the newspaper for the rest of his working life, though he also advised the British government, and occasionally royalty, on foreign and diplomatic issues.
Preface; 1. Travelling in Russia; 2. In the northern forests; 3. Voluntary exile; 4. The village priest; 5. A medical consultation; 6. A peasant family of the old type; 7. The peasantry of the north; 8. The mir, or village community; 9. How the commune has been preserved; 10. Finnish and Tartar villages; 11. Lord Novgorod the Great; 12. The towns and the mercantile classes; 13. The pastoral tribes of the steppes; 14. The Mongol or Tartar domination; 15. The Cossacks; 16. Foreign colonists on the steppe; 17. Among the heretics; 18. The dissenters; 19. Church and state; 20. The noblesse; 21. Landed proprietors of the old school; 22. Proprietors of the modern school; 23. Social classes; 24. The imperial administration and the officials; 25. Moscow and the Slavophils; 26. St Petersburg and European influence; 27. The Crimean War and its consequences; 28. The serfs; 29. The emancipation of the serfs; 30. The landed proprietors since the emancipation; 31. The emancipated peasantry; 32. The zemstvo and local self-government; 33. The reform of the law courts; 34. Revolutionary nihilism and the reaction; 35. Socialist propaganda, revolutionary agitation, and terrorism; 36. Industrial progress and the proletariat; 37. A new phase of the revolutionary movement; 38. The Japanese war and its consequences; 39. The imperial duma; 40. Territorial expansion and foreign policy; Index.