Twentieth-century Europe, especially Central Eastern Europe, has been largely defined by Russia and Germany. In this century, cultural and economic exchanges between the two countries were as active as the fires of hatred intense. The smaller states in between, with their unstable borders and internal minorities, suffered from the powers' alliances and their antagonisms. This volume of new research in political and cultural history examines the two powers' turbulent relationship, including the pre-1914 era of exchange and cooperation; the projects of modernity in post-revolutionary Russia and Weimar Germany; the struggle for dominance over Central Europe in World War II; and mutual views of Germans and Russians after 1945. In the wake of the crucial events of 1989 and the transformation of German-Russian relations, it asks whether the configuration of Russian-German relations that once dominated twentieth-century Europe has now dissolved, leaving us to find new ways of cooperation between 'New Russia' and 'New Europe'.
Karl Schloegel is Professor and Chair of East European History at Europa University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder).
* Preface-Timothy Garton Ash and Gerhard A. Ritter * 'Special Relations' between Russia and Germany in the Twentieth Century - A Closed Chapter? Karl Schloegel, Frankfurt (Oder) * Before the Great War: German Entrepreneurs in Russia - Russian Scholars in Germany. Two Types of Russian-German Relations in the Decades Before the First World War Dittmar Dahlmann, Bonn * Thomas Mann and Others: Russophilism and Sovietophilia Among German Conservatives Gerd Koenen, Frankfurt am Main * Berlin: 'Stepmother' Among Russian Cities Karl Schloegel, Frankfurt (Oder) * German Emigrants in Soviet Exile: A Drama in Five Acts Carola Tischler, Berlin * The Strange Allies - Red Army and Reichswehr in the Interwar Period Manfred Zeidler, Frankfurt am Main * Facing the Ostfront: The Other War in German Memory Peter Jahn, Berlin * Patriots or Traitors? - The Soviet Government and the 'German Russians' After the Attack on the USSR by National Socialist Germany Viktor Krieger, Heidelberg * 'Vot ona prokliataia Germaniia!' Germany in Early 1945 Through the Eyes of Red Army Soldiers Elke Scherstjanoi, Berlin * Supervision and Abdication - East German Intellectual Life under Soviet Tutelage Jens Reich, Berlin * German-Russian Relations in the Early Twenty-first Century. Some Reflections on Normalcy. Klaus Segbers, Berlin