Throughout the 1990s, Iraq has been the target not only of military attack but of the most draconian and protracted economic embargo ever imposed by the international community. In the immediate aftermath of the Gulf War, the embargo was accompanied by an effort to provide aid to the Iraqi people and to protect them against human rights abuses: an initiative that seemed to break new ground in providing protection for civilians in a situation of conflict. Yet the outcome of the international community's efforts has fallen short of the promise. Why has there been such a large gap between the rhetoric and reality? How exactly have the combinatin of economic sanctions, international humanitarian aid and limited protection of civilians affected Iraq? What lessons can be drawn from the experience? This is the most carefully documented, comprehensive account of the consequences of intervention in Iraq during the 1990s. It examines not only the record of intervention but also the complicated political context which has shaped international policy and the Iraqi response to it, and which has made events seem so unpredictable.
Sarah Graham Brown has written several books on the Middle East, including the highly successful Images of Women: The Portrayal of Women in Photography in the Middle East 1860-1950 .
Part 1 International policy on Iraq and its consequences 1991-98: unforseen circumstances; the politics of economic sanctions 1991-98; protecting the vulnerable?; overview. Part 2 State power, survival and conflict in Iraq since 1991: the impact of post-war international intervention on the Iraqi state; Iraqi society since 1991; Iraqi Kurdistan since 1991; overview. Part 3 Picking up the pieces? humanitarian aid programmes in Iraq 1991-98: the aid programme and its constraints; the impact of aid programmes; overview.