Following on the publication of The Sanctions Decade - lauded as the definitive history and accounting of United Nations sanctions in the 1990s - David Cortright and George Lopez continue their collaboration to examine the changing context and meaning of sanctions and the security dilemmas that the Security Council now faces. Cortright and Lopez note that, despite widespread disagreement about the effectiveness of UN sanctions and the need for reform, the Security Council continues to impose sanctions, and it maintains ongoing measures in eight countries. Exploring the dynamics of recent developments, the authors assess a range of new multilateral approaches to sanctions and economic statecraft, review the heated debate over the humanitarian impact of sanctions, and consider the increasingly important role of NGOs in UN policymaking. They conclude with a framework for future policy, as well as specific recommendations for enhancing the viability of ""smart sanctions"" strategies.
David Cortright is president of the Fourth Freedom Forum and research fellow at the Joan B. Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame. George A. Lopez is director of policy studies and faculty senior fellow at the Kroc Institute.
A Sanctions Era? - Assessing Reform Initiatives. - The Quagmire of Iraqi Sanctions. - Persuasion of Punishment?: Searching for Sanctions Purpose. - Targeted Financial Sanctions. - Travel Sanctions and Arms Embargoes. - Diamond and Commodity Boycotts. - New Players in the Sanctions Game: NGOs as Watchdogs and Policy Actors. - The Future of UN Sanctions.