Jean-Paul Sartre was one of the twentieth century's most prominent atheists. But his philosophy was informed by theological writers and themes in ways that have not previously been acknowledged. In Sartre and Theology, Kirkpatrick examines Sartre's philosophical formation and rarely discussed early work, demonstrating how, and which, theology shaped Sartre's thinking. She also shows that Sartre's philosophy - especially Being and Nothingness and Existentialism is A Humanism - contributed to several prominent twentieth-century theologies, examining Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, and Liberation theologians rebuttals and appropriations of Sartre.
For philosophers, this work opens up an unmined vein of influence on Sartre's work which illuminates his conceptual divergences from the German phenomenological tradition. And for theologians, it offers insights into a theologically informed atheism which provoked responses from some of the twentieth-century's greatest theologians - an atheism from which we can still learn much today.
Kate Kirkpatrick is Lecturer in Philosophy at the University of Hertfordshire and Lecturer in Theology at St Peter's College, University of Oxford, UK. She is the Treasurer of the UK Sartre Society and has published several articles on Sartre and Beauvoir.
List of Abbreviations Acknowledgements Introduction - Sartre and theology: An Odd Couple? Part I: Sartre's Theological Inheritance Ch. 1: Vita Brevis Ch. 2. Sartre's Theological Formation: In Philosophy Ch. 3. Sartre's Theological Formation: In Literature Part II: Sartre's Theological Themes Ch. 4: Being and Nothingness Ch. 5. 'Existentialism is a Humanism' Part III: Sartre's Theological Legacy Ch. 6. Sartre and Protestant Theology: Barth and Tillich Ch. 7. Sartre and Catholic Theology: Marcel and Wojtyla Ch. 8. Sartre and Orthodox Theology: Yannaras and Zizioulas Ch. 9. Sartre and Liberation Theology: James H. Cone Ch. 10: Sartre's Theological Future Conclusion Bibliography Index