Museums face the task of representing the similarities and differences that exist between groups, such as national identities and indigenous and minority voices, material and intangible heritage, and current status and past history. In order to achieve this aim, a complex and not always easily compatible set of interests have to be taken into account, from those of the museum itself, to those of its main audiences, sources of support, and the groups that are, or wish to be, represented. The approach taken by Scandinavian museums in response to this challenge highlights a very active concern for forms of cultural diversity and how they are interrelated. By bringing together debates and discussions of diversity, this volume offers insight into the Nordic region and its diverse peoples, from the Sami and the Inuit to newer immigrants. It presents a set of historical reviews on the formation of national museums and emerging and contested perceptions of national identity. Furthering the general debate on representations of diversity and museums, it also offers museum curators possible ways forward.
Katherine Goodnow is Professor at the Department of Information Science and Media Studies at the University of Bergen, Norway. She has published widely on museums and cultural diversity. Her most recent books in the field include Challenge and transformation: Museums in Cape Town and Sydney and Museums, the media and refugees: Stories of crisis, control and compassion. Goodnow combines research with filmmaking and has produced television series and documentaries for Norwegian national broadcasters. Haci Akman is Associate Professor at the Department of Archaeology, History, Culture and Religious Science, University of Bergen. His research interests include migration, diaspora processes, ethnicity, cultural heritage and museums and diversity. Recent publications in these fields focus on Kurdish and Jewish diaspora societies in the United Kingdom and Norway. Akman is currently working on the development of the Norwegian Kurdish Virtual Museum.
Preface Jack Lohman Introduction: The Construction of Identities: Introduction and Overview Katherine Goodnow SECTION I: MUSEUMS, NATIONAL MINORITIES AND THE INDIGENOUS Chapter 1. Indigenous Peoples and National Minorities in Norway: Categorisation and Minority Politics Einar Niemi Chapter 2. Cultural Diversity at the Nordiska Museet in Stockholm: Outline of a Story Eva Silven Chapter 3. Sami Museums and Cultural Heritage Vuokko Hirvonen Chapter 4. Return of the Prodigal Son - But is the Seat Taken? Peter Pentz Chapter 5. An Appetite Whetted Julie Edel Hardenberg and Iben Mondrop Salto Chapter 6. The Danish Jewish Museum: A New Museum Asserts its Character Janne Laursen Chapter 7. Cultural Minorities in Danish Museums SA ren KjA rup Chapter 8. Kven Culture and History in Museum Terms Lena Aarekol SECTION II: MUSEUMS AND "NEW MIGRANTS" Chapter 9. The Museum of World Culture: A 'Glocal' Museum of a New Kind Cajsa Lagerkvist Chapter 10. Seeking the Multicultural in the Arts in Finland Lily Diaz Chapter 11. Norwegian Yesterday, Today, Tomorrow? A Joint Documentation Project Liv Hilde BA e Chapter 12. Embroidered History Lise Poulsen and Mette Skougaard Chapter 13. Norwegian Kurdish Virtual Museum: A Presentation of Stateless Heritage Janne Mellingen Chapter 14. As in a Mirror Hans Philip Einarsen and Bente MA ller Chapter 15. Botkyrka Multicultural Centre Leif Magnusson SECTION III: NATION AND HERITAGE Chapter 16. Cultural Heritage, Cultural Diversity, and Museums in Sweden: Some Critical Reflections Barbro Klein Chapter 17. Intangible Cultural Heritage and Ethnographic Museum Practice in a Global Perspective Inger SjA rslev Chapter 18. Museums and Collective identity: A New Concept of the Nation? Knut Kjeldstadli Chapter 19. Pluralism, Cultural Heritage and the Museum Haci Akman Chapter 20. Representing Community: National Museums Negotiating Differences and Community in the Nordic Countries Peter Aronsson Chapter 21. Museums and Related Institutions on the Faroe Islands Joan Pauli Joensen Chapter 22. The Negotiation of Identity within a National Museum: Iceland Katla Kjartansdottir and Kristinn Schram Chapter 23. Exhibition Forms and Influential Circumstances Katherine Goodnow