This book tries to uncover science's discoverer and explain why the conception of science has been changing during the centuries, and why science can be beneficial and dangerous for humanity. Far from being hermetic, this research can be interesting for all who want to understand deeper what really conditions the place of science in culture.
List of Illustrations Foreword by Mieczyslaw Albert Krapiec Preface by Tadeusz Kwiatkowski Introduction Acknowledgments Part One: The Rise of Theoretical Knowledge One. The Discovery of Science: Greece or the East? Two. Why the Greeks? Three. Bios Theoretikos Four. Philosophy's Rise from Sensations to Wisdom Five. Knowledge and Opinion Six. Theoretical Features of the Object of Scientific Cognition Seven. Theoretical Justification Eight. Theoretical Proof Nine. Types of Science Part Two: The Hellenistic Deformation of Theoretical Knowledge Ten. Knowledge or Philosophy of the Sake of Praxis Eleven. Neo-Platonism: An End Beyond Knowledge Part Three: Philosophy and Theology in Relation to Revelation Twelve. Aversion to Pagan Authority Thirteen. Handmaiden to Theology Fourteen. Sacred Scripture and the Problem of Interpretation: The Sentences Fifteen. Metaphysics and Natural Theology Sixteen. Philosophy in the Service of Theology Part Four: Science: Toward Technology and Ideology Seventeen. The Problem of the Continuity of Science in the Middle Ages Eighteen. The Problem of Experimental Science in the Middle Ages Nineteen. The Mathematization of Scientific Knowledge Twenty. The Influence of Nominalism Part Five: Science as Technology Twenty-One. The Quest for an Earthly Paradise Twenty-Two. The End of Knowledge: Complete Utilitarianism Twenty-Three. The Influence of the East Twenty-Four. Science and Utopia: From the House of Solomon to the Royal Society Twenty-Five. A New Model of Scientific Knowledge Twenty-Six. Philosophy and Gnosticism Part Six: The Transformation of Philosophy into Ideology Twenty-Seven. Ideas-Concepts-Impressions Twenty-Eight. The War against Idols Twenty-Nine. The Critique of Catholicism and Metaphysics Thirty. Ideology and the New Social Order Thirty-One. Ideology: The Evolution of the Concept Part Seven: Toward a New World Order Thirty-Two. Kant: The World Before Reason's Tribunal Thirty-Three. Auguste Comte: Toward a New Age Thirty-Four. Neopositivism at War with Metaphysics Thirty-Five. Science and the New World Order or Science in the Service of Globalism Part Eight: The Place of Science in Culture Thirty-Six. What is Culture? Thirty-Seven. The Domains of Culture Thirty-Eight. Ends, Limits, and Directions in the Growth of Science Thirty-Nine. Conclusion Notes Bibliography About the Author Index of Works Index of Authors, Editors, and Translators Index of Subjects Index of Names