Science in Uniform, Uniforms in Science: Historical Studies of American Military and Scientific Interactions is a collection of essays, which owes its existence to the fortuitous conjunction of two events. The first was a temporary exhibition at the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History in Washington that opened in October 2002, entitled 'West Point in the Making of America, 1802-1918.' Sponsored by the U.S. Army, it commemorated the bicentennial of the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. Rather than recount the academy's history, however, this exhibit focused on the lives and work of a select group of West Point graduates, some famous, others less well known, in the context of American national development from the beginning of the 19th century through the First World War. One of the exhibit's central themes was the significant part West Pointers played in the creation of American science and engineering. An extraordinary display of objects, such as natural history specimens sent by antebellum soldier-explorers in the West to the newly formed Smithsonian Institution, augmented the biographical narratives with visual and material historical evidence.
Margaret Vining is a curator in military and diplomatic history at the National Museum of American History. She is in charge of collections acquisition and management, preservation, research, writing, and museum exhibitions of United States military and diplomatic material culture. Bart Hacker presently works with the military history collections of the Smithsonian's National Museum of American History. His major publications have dealt with the history of military technology, women's military history, and the comparative world history of military institutions.
Part 1 Foreword Part 2 1 Science, Technology, and American Military Institutions, from the Revolution through the Cold War Part 3 2 Inoculation in Washington's Army: The Battle Against Smallpox Part 4 3 The Role of the Army and Navy in American Natural History, 1803-1860 Part 5 4 Distorted Support: Pathologies of Weather Warfare Part 6 5 Dreadnoughts and Elections: America's Response to Naval Revolution Part 7 6 Testing Democracy: First World War IQ Testing, from Measuring the Military to Selecting the Student Body Part 8 7 Dr. Albert B. Sabin, the U.S. Army, and the Conquest of Epidemic Disease Part 9 8 A New R&D Order: The Rise of Big Engineering in the Second World War Part 10 9 Submarines Transformed: From Type XXI to Polaris, 1945-1969 Part 11 10 The World According to GARP: Scientific Internationalism and the Construction of Global Meteorology, 1961-1980 Part 12 Index Part 13 About the Editors and Contributors