In Sciences from Below, the esteemed feminist science studies scholar Sandra Harding synthesizes modernity studies with progressive tendencies in science and technology studies to suggest how scientific and technological pursuits might be more productively linked to social justice projects around the world. Harding illuminates the idea of multiple modernities as well as the major contributions of post-Kuhnian Western, feminist, and postcolonial science studies. She explains how these schools of thought can help those seeking to implement progressive social projects refine their thinking to overcome limiting ideas about what modernity and modernization are, the objectivity of scientific knowledge, patriarchy, and Eurocentricity. She also reveals how ideas about gender and colonialism frame the conventional contrast between modernity and tradition. As she has done before, Harding points the way forward in Sciences from Below.Describing the work of the post-Kuhnian science studies scholars Bruno Latour, Ulrich Beck, and the team of Michael Gibbons, Helga Nowtony, and Peter Scott, Harding reveals how, from different perspectives, they provide useful resources for rethinking the modernity versus tradition binary and its effects on the production of scientific knowledge. Yet, for the most part, they do not take feminist or postcolonial critiques into account. As Harding demonstrates, feminist science studies and postcolonial science studies have vital contributions to make; they bring to light not only the male supremacist investments in the Western conception of modernity and the historical and epistemological bases of Western science but also the empirical knowledge traditions of the global South. Sciences from Below is a clear and compelling argument that modernity studies and post-Kuhnian, feminist, and postcolonial sciences studies each have something important, and necessary, to offer to those formulating socially progressive scientific research and policy.
Sandra Harding is Professor of Women's Studies and Education at the University of California, Los Angeles. Her many books include Science and Social Inequality: Feminist and Postcolonial Issues; The Feminist Standpoint Theory Reader: Intellectual and Political Controversies; Science and Other Cultures: Issues in Philosophies of Science and Technology (coedited with Robert Figueroa); Is Science Multicultural? Postcolonialisms, Feminisms, and Epistemologies; and Whose Science? Whose Knowledge? Thinking from Women's Lives.
Acknowledgments vii Introduction: Why Focus on Modernity? 1 I. Problems with Modernity's Science and Politics: Perspectives from Northern Science Studies 1. Modernity's Misleading Dream: Latour 23 2. The Incomplete First Modernity of Industrial Society: Beck 49 3. Co-evoloving Science and Society: Gibbons, Nowotny, and Scott 75 II. Views from (Western) Modernity's Peripheries 4. Women as Subjects of History and Knowledge 101 5. Postcolonial Science and Technology Studies: Are There Multiple Sciences? 130 6. Women on Modernity's Horizons: Feminist Postcolonial Science and Technology Studies 155 III. Interrogating Tradition: Challenges and Possibilities 7. Multiple Modernities: Postcolonial Standpoints 173 8. Haunted Modernities, Gendered Traditions 191 9. Moving On: A Methodological Provocation 214 Notes 235 Bibliography 257 Index 281