The waters around Britain and Ireland contain a huge variety of marine life and some of the brightest and most attractive are the sea anemones and corals, the Anthozoa. Anemones and corals can be found from rockpools to the deepest depths and in all habitats from rocky reefs to soft mud.A comprehensive guide to all known sea anemones and corals found in British and Irish inshore waters. It is an essential companion for divers, snorkelers, rockpoolers and students who want to identify and know more about the sea anemones and corals they find.This second edition has been extensively updated and is illustrated with over 200 in situ underwater colour photographs and illustrations. Each species account contains information on habitat, distribution, depth, size, rarity and conservation status where known.Sea Anemones and Corals of Britain and Ireland has been produced as a part of the Seasearch project, which offers training in the identification of marine life and habitats and encourages recording by volunteers.
Foreword by Keith Hiscock 5About the author 7Acknowledgements 9The scope of this guide 10Structure of the anemone polyp 12Cnidae and feeding 14Reproduction 17English names 21Some common confusions 22How to use this guide 24Soft corals 26Sea fans 35Pink Sea Fan disease at Lundy and in Bigbury Bay 40Sea pens 45Stoloniferans 50Tube anemones 52Fireworks Anemone Pachycerianthus multiplicatusSurveys 2005-2013 56Colonial anemones 60Anemone predators 66Sea anemones 68Sea anemones that usually occur in groups or aggregations, and related species 69Settling on the Scylla 86Sea anemones that live on the shore or in shallow water 88Living with Snakelocks 94Unidentified worm anemones 111Sea anemones that live on soft seabeds (sand, gravel and mud) 112Sea anemones that live on other animals 125Can Sea Fan Anemones damage sea fans? 131Corallimorpharians 135Hard corals 137Deepwater coral reefs 146Conservation of sea anemones and corals in Britain and Ireland 148Seasearch diving and recording 153Books and websites 154Taxonomic list of Anthozoan species in Britain and Ireland included in this guide 156Index 159