Seats of Power in Europe during the Hundred Years War

Seats of Power in Europe during the Hundred Years War

By: Anthony Emery (author)Hardback

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Description

The Hundred Years' War between England and France is a story of an epic conflict between two nations whose destinies became inextricably entwined throughout the later Middle Ages. During that time the balance of architectural power moved from religious to secular domination, the Gothic form continued to grow and the palace-fortress was in the ascendancy. Seats of Power in Europe is a major new study of the residences of the crowned heads and the royal ducal families of the countries involved in the Hundred Years' War. Though they were the leading protagonists and therefore responsible for the course of the war, do their residences reflect an entirely defensive purpose, a social function, or the personality of their builders? As well as the castles of England and France it also looks at rulers residences in other European countries who supported one of the protagonists. They include Scotland, Castile, Aragon, Navarre, Portugal, the Low Countries, the imperial territories of Bohemia, and the papacy in Avignon and then Rome. The study concentrates on sixty properties extending from the castles at Windsor and Kenilworth to those at Saumur and Rambures, and from the palaces at Avignon and Seville to the manor-houses at Germolles and Launay. A number of subsidiary or associated properties are also considered in more broad-based sections. Each region and its residences are prefaced by supporting historical and architectural surveys to help position the properties against the contemporary military, financial, and aesthetic backgrounds. Extensively illustrated in full colour with over 120 photographs and over 70 plans this is an attractive and accessible overview of how architecture both shaped and was influenced by events during this tumultuous period in the history of Europe. Essential reading for students of architecture, architectural historians, historians and those interested in Medieval Europe.

About Author

Anthony Emery's career as an architectural historian was launched with his monograph Dartington Hall (OUP 1970) analysing the most spectacular medieval mansion in the West of England. Specialist studies on Wingfield Manor, Raglan Castle and Penshurst Place were preparatory to his survey of all the principal (and some of the lesser) medieval residences of England and Wales. It took eighteen years to describe and assess over 750 houses built between 1300 and 1500, published in three volumes as Greater Medieval Houses of England and Wales (CUP 1996-2006). For students, Discovering Medieval Houses (Shire 2007) drew particular attention to the relevance between the country's political and residential development. Seats of Power in Europe During the Hundred Years War extends this view across the Channel.

Contents

Preface Acknowledgments 1. INTRODUCTION The Hundred Years War: 1330-1480 Seats of Power * Gothic Architecture During the Later Middle Ages PART ONE: 1330-1400 2. THE AVIGNAN PAPACY: 1300-1400 The Papal Court Moves from Rome * Avignon, The Papal Palace 3. ENGLAND: 1330-1360 * Ambition and Success at War * English Royal and Semi-royal Palaces * Windsor Castle 4. ENGLAND: 1360-1400 Retrenchment and Failure * Royal and Semi-royal Palaces * Kenilworth Castle * Palace-Fortresses in Northern England * English Response to the Threat of Invasion 5. THE FRENCH CROWN Crown and Provinces in France During the War Pride and Disgrace: 1337-1360 Repair and Recovery: 1360-1400 * Castles during the Later Fourteenth Century vi CONTENTS * The Royal Residences * Paris, The Louvre * Vincennes Castle * Sully-Sur-Loire Castle 6. THE DUCHY OF BRITTANY The War of Breton Succession: 1341-1381 * Ducal and Seigneurial Defences and Protection * Suscinio Castle * Clisson Castle 7. THE DUCHY OF AQUITAINE Economic Prosperity and Political Uncertainty * Regional Residences 8. THE COUNTY OF FOIX Gaston, Count of Foix * Gaston's Building Programme 9. THE DUCHY OF BURGUNDY The Growth of Burgundy * The Artistic Patronage of the Duke of Burgundy * Dijon, The Ducal Palace * Germolles Manor 10. SCOTLAND A Persistant War * High and Royal Status Residences * Doune Castle 11. THE DUCHY OF FLANDERS A Century of Political and Economic Turbulence * The Ducal Residences 12. THE IBERIAN PENINSULA Political Involvement in the War * Architectural Development During the Middle Ages * The Royal Palaces of Iberia * Seville, El Alcazar * Monastic Palaces of Castile and Aragon * Zaragoza, La Aljaferia * Barcelona, Royal Palace * Palma, Almudaine Palace and Belver Castle * Perpignan Palace * Collioure Castle CONTENTS vii * Olite Castle * Sintra Palace 13. THE HOLY ROMAN EMPIRE Political Development and Cultural Consequences * Prague Castle * Karlstein Castle 14. THE ORDER OF THE TEUTONIC KNIGHTS The Changing Purpose of the Order * Malbork Castle PART TWO: 1380-1420 15. THE FRENCH CROWN Charles VI and the Breakdown of Consent * Paris, The Royal Residence 16. THE DUCHY OF ANJOU The House of Anjou * Angers Castle * Saumur Castle * Tarascon Castle 17. THE DUCHY OF BERRY John, Duke of Berry * Bourges Palace * Mehun-sur-Yevre Castle * Poitiers, Ducal Palace * Poitiers, Clain Castle 18. THE DUCHY OF ORLEANS The House of Orleans * Pierrefonds Castle * La Ferte Milon Castle 19. THE DUCHY OF BURGUNDY John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy * Paris, Tour Jean Sans Peur viii CONTENTS PART THREE: 1415-1480 20. ENGLAND Surprise, Success, and Factional Bitterness: 1415-1453 * Rouen Castle The Dying Embers of War: 1453-1475 * Royal Residences: 1400-1485 * Eltham Palace * The Castles of Returning Commanders and Captains of War: 1340-1460 21. THE FRENCH CROWN: 1420-1453 Withdrawal and Reconstruction * Chinon Castle * Loches Castle * Rambures Castle 22. THE FRENCH CROWN AND COURT: 1453-1483 Recovery and Expansion * Fifteenth Century Castles * The Appeal of the Loire Valley * Montsoreau Castle * Langeais Castle * Fougeres-sur-Bierre Castle * Le Plessis Bourre Castle * Le Plessis Mace Castle * Plessis les Tours Manor 23. THE DUCHY OF ANJOU King Rene * King Rene's Properties * Bauge Castle * Launay Manor 24. THE DUCHY OF ORLEANS Jean, the bastard of Orleans * Chateaudun Castle * Anjony Castle * Beaugency Manor 25. THE DUCHY OF BURGUNDY Expansion and Collapse Culture at European Courts During the Fifteenth Century * The Ducal Residences CONTENTS ix * Bruges, Het Prinsenhof * Lille, Rihour Palace * Olhain Castle 26. THE DUCHY OF BRITTANY The Maintenance of Ducal Authority * Ducal and Seigneurial Defences * Nantes Castle 27. THE DUCHY OF AQUITAINE The Collapse of English Government 28. SCOTLAND The Re-assertion of Royal Authority * Royal Building Activity * Lithlingow Palace 29. CONCLUSION A War of Bankruptcy and Ostentation * Architectural Similarities and Differences * The Architectural Influence of War * Seats of Power Notes: Historical Review * Architectural Study

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781785701030
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 352
  • ID: 9781785701030
  • ISBN10: 1785701037

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