What is involved in acquiring a new dialect - for example, when Canadian English speakers move to Australia or African American English-speaking children go to school? How is such learning different from second language acquisition (SLA), and why is it in some ways more difficult? These are some of the questions Jeff Siegel examines in this book, which focuses specifically on second dialect acquisition (SDA). Siegel surveys a wide range of studies that throw light on SDA. These concern dialects of English as well as those of other languages, including Dutch, German, Greek, Norwegian, Portuguese and Spanish. He also describes the individual and linguistic factors that affect SDA, such as age, social identity and language complexity. The book discusses problems faced by students who have to acquire the standard dialect without any special teaching, and presents some educational approaches that have been successful in promoting SDA in the classroom.
Jeff Siegel is Adjunct Professor of Linguistics in the School of Behavioural, Cognitive and Social Sciences at the University of New England, Australia. His recent publications include The Emergence of Pidgin and Creole Languages (2008) and Pidgin Grammar: An Introduction to the Creole Language of Hawai'i (with K. Sakoda, 2003).
1. Introduction; 2. Attainment in naturalistic SDA; 3. Acquiring a second dialect; 4. Differential attainment: age effects and linguistic factors; 5. Additional individual and linguistic factors; 6. The difficulty of SDA; 7. SDA in classroom contexts; 8. Educational approaches for SDA; 9. Explaining the results and taking further steps.