Secret Service provides the first comprehensive history of political policing in Canada - from its beginnings in the mid-nineteenth century, through two world wars and the Cold War to the more recent 'war on terror.' This book reveals the extent, focus, and politics of government-sponsored surveillance and intelligence-gathering operations. Drawing on previously classified government records, the authors reveal that for over 150 years, Canada has run spy operations largely hidden from public or parliamentary scrutiny - complete with undercover agents, secret sources, agent provocateurs, coded communications, elaborate files, and all the usual apparatus of deception and betrayal so familiar to fans of spy fiction. As they argue, what makes Canada unique among Western countries is its insistent focus of its surveillance inwards, and usually against Canadian citizens. Secret Service highlights the many tensions that arise when undercover police and their covert methods are deployed too freely in a liberal democratic society. It will prove invaluable to readers attuned to contemporary debates about policing, national security, and civil rights in a post-9/11 world.
Reginald Whitaker is a professor of Political Science, York University. Gregory S. Kealey is a professor emeritus in the Department of History at the University of New Brunswick. He is the editor of University of Toronto Press's Canadian Social History Series and former president of the Canadian Historical Association and the Canadian Federation of the Humanities and Social Sciences. Andrew Parnaby is an assistant professor in the Department of History at Cape Breton University.
Table of Contents Introduction: Political Policing in Canada Part I: Origins Chapter 1: The Empire Strikes Back Chapter 2: 'You drive us Hindus out of Canada and we will drive every white man out of India!' Chapter 3: A War on Two Fronts Part II: Survival and Revival Chapter 4: The RCMP, the Communist Party, and the Consolidation of Canada's Cold War Chapter 5: 'Redder Than Ever': Political Policing During the Great Depression Chapter 6: Keep the Home Fires Burning, 1939-1945 Part III: Cold War Canada Chapter 7: The Ice Age: Mounties on the Cold War Front Line, 1945-1969 Chapter 8: The Coyote, the Roadrunner, and the Reds under the Bed: Communist Espionage and Subversion Part IV: Separatists, Scandals, and Reform Chapter 9: National Unity, National Security: the Quebec Conundrum Chapter 10: 'I'm shocked, shocked to find that gambling is going on in here!': The Creation of the Canadian Security Intelligence Service Chapter 11:Old Wine into New Bottles: CSIS, 1984-2001 Part V: After the Twin Towers Chapter 12: After the Deluge: In the Shadow of the Twin Towers, 2001-2010 Chapter 13: No More Mr. Nice Spy: CSIS and the Dark Side of the War on Terror Conclusion: Policing Canadian Democracy Endnotes