The tale of Bluebeard's Wife--the story of a young woman who discovers that her mysterious blue-bearded husband has murdered his former spouses--no longer squares with what most parents consider good bedtime reading for their children. But the story has remained alive for adults, allowing it to lead a rich subterranean existence in novels ranging from Jane Eyre to Lolita and in films as diverse as Hitchcock's Notorious and Jane Campion's The Piano. In this fascinating work, Maria Tatar analyzes the many forms the tale of Bluebeard's Wife has taken over time, particularly in Anglo-European popular culture. It documents the fortunes of Bluebeard, his wife, and their marriage in folklore, fiction, film, and opera, showing how others took the Bluebeard theme and revived it with their own signature twists. In some tales the wife is a deceiver; in others she is a clever investigator. Earlier ages denounced Bluebeard's wife for her "reckless curiosity" and for her "uncontrolled appetite"; our own times have turned her into something of a heroine, a woman who rescues herself--and often her marriage--through her detective work and psychological finesse. And as for Bluebeard?
Once considered a one-dimensional brute, he has found renewed cultural energy both as a master criminal who kills in order to create a higher moral order and as an artist figure who must shield himself against intimacy to foster his creative powers. A brilliant account of how one classic fairy tale has been continually reincarnated, Secrets beyond the Door will appeal to both literary scholars and general readers.
Maria Tatar is Dean for the Humanities in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences and the John L. Loeb Professor of Germanic Languages and Literatures at Harvard University. She is the author of "The Hard Facts of the Grimms' Fairy Tales, Off with Their Heads! Fairy Tales and the Culture of Childhood"; and "Lustmord: Sexual Murder in Weimar Germany" (all Princeton).
List of Illustrations xi INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER 1: The Attractions of "Bluebeard": The Origins and Fortunes of a Folktale 11 CHAPTER 2: "Have You ever really been afraid? ... of a man?... of a house?... of yourself?": Charlotte Bronte's Jane Eyre, Daphne du Maurier's Rebecca, and Modern Gothics 67 CHAPTER 3: Investigative Pleasures: Bluebeard's Wife in Hollywood 89 CHAPTER 4: Rewriting "Bluebeard": Resisting the Cult of Death 108 CHAPTER 5: Monstrous Wives: Bluebeard as Criminal and Cultural Hero 132 CHAPTER 6: The Art of Murder: Bluebeard as Artist and Aesthete 152 EPILOGUE 169 APPENDIX Cultural Variants of "Bluebeard" 175 Charles Perrault,"Bluebeard" 175 Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm,"The Robber Bridegroom" 179 Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm,"Fitcher's Bird" 182 Joseph Jacobs,"Mr. Fox" 185 Thomas Frederick Crane,"How the Devil Married Three Sisters" 187 Peter Christen Asbjornsen and Jorgen Moe, "The Hen Is Tripping in the Mountain" 190 Gaston Maugard,"The White Dove" 194 Richard Chase,"Mr.Fox" 198 Guy Wetmore Carryl, "How the Helpmate of Blue-Beard Made Free with a Door" 202 Rose Terry Cooke,"Blue-Beard's Closet," 1861 205 Edna St. Vincent Millay, Untitled Bluebeard Sonnet 207 Notes 209 Bibliography 225 Primary Literature 225 Secondary Literature 229 Films 239 Index 241