The Diyanet, the official face of Islam in Turkey, is the `Presidency of Religious Affairs', a governmental department established in 1924 after the break-up of the Ottoman Empire and the abolition of Caliphate. In this book, Emir Kaya offers an in-depth multidisciplinary analysis of this vital institution. Focusing on the role of the Diyanet in society, Kaya explores the balance the institution has to strike between the Muslim traditions of the Turkish population and the secular creed of the Turkish state. By examining the various laws that either bolstered or hindered the Diyanet's budgets and activities, Kaya highlights the institutional mindsets of the Diyanet membership. He also evaluates its successes and failures as a state department that must consistently operate within the context of the religiosity of Turkish society. By situating all of this within the two competing - but often complimentary - concepts of religion and secularism, Kaya offers a book that is important for those researching the interplay of Islam and the state in Turkey and beyond.
Emir Kaya is Assistant Professor of Philosophy and Sociology of Law at the Social Sciences University of Ankara. Previously he had worked as a rapporteur judge for the Constitutional Court of Turkey. He holds a PhD in Law from SOAS, the University of London, a Master of Theological Studies from Harvard University, and a Bachelor of Arts in Political Science and Philosophy from Indiana University-Bloomington.
Introduction Chapter 1: The Turkish Context Chapter 2: Introducing the Diyanet: Structure, Discourse and Criticisms Chapter 3: The State's Management of Religion Chapter 4: The Diyanet's Interpretation of Islam Chapter 5: The Diyanet and Society Conclusion