Security Aspects of Uni- and Multimodal Hazmat Transportation Systems

Security Aspects of Uni- and Multimodal Hazmat Transportation Systems

By: Genserik L. L. Reniers (editor), Luca Zamparini (editor)Hardback

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Description

Written in a clear language, for use by scholars, managers and decisionmakers, this practical guide to the hot topic is unique in treating the security aspects of hazmat transportation from both uni-modal and multi-modal perspectives. To begin with, each transport mode and its relation to security vulnerability, analyses, figures, and approaches is discussed separately. Secondly, the optimization process of a hazmat supply chain is examined from a holistic, integrated viewpoint. Finally, the book discusses and compares the various hazmat transport security policies and strategies adopted in various regions around the world. The result is a must-have source of high-quality information including many case studies.

About Author

Genserik Reniers obtained a Master?s degree in chemical engineering at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel and received his PhD in Applied Economic Sciences from the University of Antwerp, both in Belgium. He lectures amongst others in chemistry, organic chemistry, chemical process technology, and technological risk management at the University of Antwerp. At the Hogeschool Universiteit (HUB) in Brussels he lectures as a Tenured Professor in prevention management, advanced occupational health and safety management and industrial processes. His main research interests concern the collaboration surrounding safety and security topics and socio-economic optimization within the chemical industry. He coordinates the Antwerp Research Group on Safety and Security, unifying multi-disciplinary safety and security research at the University of Antwerp. He serves as an Associate Editor for the internationally renowned Journals Safety Science and Journal of Loss Prevention in the Process Industries. Luca Zamparini obtained a Master of Science in Economics at the London School of Economics and Political Science and a PhD in Economics and Institutions at the University of Bologna. He is currently Associate Professor of Economics at the Faculty of Social, Political and Regional Studies of the University of Salento. He is also Tenured Professor of International Organizations and Development and coordinator of the course in Development and Transport Infrastructures for the Master in Development, Innovation and Change organized by the University of Bologna. Transport Economics is his main research field, with a particular specialization in the economic estimation of transport qualitative attributes and in transport security. He has taught Economics of Transport and Logistics for the Master in Law and Economics of Transport and Logistics at the University of Bologna.

Contents

Preface XV List of Contributors XVII Part One Introductory Section 1 1 Editorial Introduction 3 Luca Zamparini and Genserik Reniers 1.1 History, Importance, and Economic Aspects of Hazmat Transportation 5 1.2 Security of Hazmat Transportation: Unimodal Perspectives 6 1.3 Security of Hazmat Transportation: Multimodal Perspectives 7 1.4 Security of Hazmat Transportation: International Policies and Practices 8 Bibliography 8 2 History and Importance of Hazmat Transportation 9 Genserik Reniers 2.1 Introduction 9 2.2 History of Hazmat-Transportation Research 11 2.3 Importance of Research on Hazmat Transportation and Associated Risks 12 2.4 Conclusions 14 Bibliography 14 3 Economic Issues in Hazmat Transportation 17 Luca Zamparini 3.1 Introduction 17 3.2 Hazmat Transportation in the United States and in the European Union 17 3.3 Models of Hazmat Transport 22 3.4 Concluding Remarks 24 Bibliography 24 Part Two Security of Hazmat Transports: Unimodal Perspectives 27 4 Security of Hazmat Transports by Road 29 Mark Lepofsky 4.1 Introduction 29 4.2 Hazmat Truck Types 30 4.3 Security-Sensitive Materials 33 4.4 Carrier Responsibility 33 4.5 Shipper and Consignee Responsibility 45 4.6 Motor-Carrier Enforcement 45 4.7 Law Enforcement and Emergency Response 46 4.8 Community Vigilance 46 4.9 Security-Related Events 47 4.10 Conclusions 47 Bibliography 48 5 Security Aspects of Hazmat Transport Using Railroad 49 Manish Verma and Vedat Verter 5.1 Introduction 49 5.2 Railroad Transportation System 51 5.3 Risk Assessment 53 5.4 Risk Management 60 5.5 Conclusion 66 Acknowledgment 67 Bibliography 67 6 Security of Hazmat Transports by Inland Waterways 71 Pero Vidan and Josip Kasum 6.1 Introduction 71 6.2 Transport of Hazardous Materials by Inland Waterways Current Legislation 72 6.3 Incidents on Inland Waterways 73 6.4 Security of Inland Waterways and Ports Current Practices 74 6.5 Proposals for Security Improvements on Inland Waterways 77 6.6 Proposals for Improvements of Inland Ports Security 85 6.7 Conclusion 87 Bibliography 88 Consulted Web Sites 89 7 Security of Hazmat Transports by Pipeline 91 Paul W. Parfomak 7.1 Introduction 91 7.2 Security Risks to Hazmat Pipelines 93 7.3 US Pipeline Security after September 11, 2001 99 7.4 Policy Issues in Hazmat Pipeline Security 107 7.5 Conclusions 109 Bibliography 110 Part Three Security of Hazmat Transports: Multimodal Perspectives 115 8 Mulitmodal Transport: Historical Evolution and Logistics Framework 117 Wout Dullaert, Bert Vernimmen, and Luca Zamparini 8.1 Introduction 117 8.2 Evolution of Multimodal Transport in the European Union, in the United States and in Asia 118 8.3 Problem Statement 123 8.4 The Standard Framework 123 8.5 Reconsidering the Case 128 8.6 Conclusions 132 Bibliography 132 9 Multimodal Analysis Framework for Hazmat Transports and Security 135 Cathy Macharis, Koen Van Raemdonck, Juha Hintsa, and Olivier Mairesse 9.1 Introduction 135 9.2 Literature Review 136 9.3 Refi ned Approach for the Calculation of Multimodal Hazmat-Transport Risk 139 9.4 Intended Incidents with Hazmat Transport 147 9.5 How to Include Security in the Modal Choice 149 9.6 Conclusion 158 Acknowledgments 159 Bibliography 159 10 Metaheuristics for the Multimodal Optimization of Hazmat Transports 163 Kenneth Sorensen, Pablo Maya Duque, Christine Vanovermeire, and Marco Castro 10.1 Introduction 163 10.2 Metaheuristics 165 10.3 Characteristics of Multimodal Hazmat Transportation Optimization Problems and the Case for Using Metaheuristics 167 10.4 Metaheuristics for Multimodal Hazmat Transportation 172 10.5 A Metaheuristic for Multimodal Hazmat Transportation 176 10.6 Conclusions and Research Opportunities 178 Bibliography 178 11 Freight Security and Livability: US Toxic and Hazardous Events from 2000 to 2010 183 Lisa Schweitzer, Pamela Murray-Tuite, Daniel Inloes, Jr., Mohja Rhoads, and Fynnwin Prager 11.1 Introduction 183 11.2 Background 184 11.3 Data on Consequences 187 11.4 Consequences and Geography 188 11.5 Event Consequences 190 11.6 Conclusions 195 Bibliography 198 Part Four Security of Hazmat Transports: International Policies and Practices 201 12 Security of Hazmat Transports in Italy 203 Paola Papa and Luca Zamparini 12.1 Introduction 203 12.2 Economic Signifi cance of Hazmat Transport in Italy 204 12.3 The Italian Legal Framework on Hazmat Transport Security 210 12.4 Recent Italian Case Studies Related to Hazmat Transport Security 213 12.5 Concluding Remarks 216 Bibliography 217 13 Security of Hazmat Transports in The Netherlands from a Security Practitioner s Point of View 219 Henk Neddermeijer 13.1 Introduction 219 13.2 Safety and Security 220 13.3 The Netherlands: a Risk-Prone Country with a Risk-Prone Infrastructure 222 13.4 The Dutch Transport Infrastructure as Risk Factor 223 13.5 Transport and Logistics in The Netherlands 225 13.6 Security Issues in Transport and Logistics 228 13.7 Terrorism 229 13.8 Transport and Logistics Crime 229 13.9 Safety First 230 13.10 Partners in Security 232 13.11 Conclusion 234 Bibliography 235 Internet Sources 235 14 Safeguarding Hazmat Shipments in the US: Policies and Challenges 237 Joseph S. Szyliowicz 14.1 Introduction 237 14.2 Intermodalism 237 14.3 The Pre-9/11 Situation 238 14.4 The Magnitude of the Problem 239 14.5 The Impact of 9/11 240 14.6 The Rail Sector 246 14.7 Highways 252 14.8 Conclusions 258 Bibliography 259 Web Sites 261 15 Security of Hazmat Transports in Iran 263 Amir Saman Kheirkhah 15.1 Introduction 263 15.2 Overview of the Current Status 264 15.3 Strengths and Weaknesses of Iran s Transportation System 267 15.4 Safety and Security Strategies 268 15.5 Discussion 270 15.6 Conclusions 272 Bibliography 272 16 Conclusions and Recommendations 273 Genserik Reniers and Luca Zamparini 16.1 Unimodal and Multimodal Transportation Put into Perspective 274 16.2 A Country-Wise Comparative Study 275 16.3 A Look into the Future: Sustainable Multimodality 275 Index 277

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9783527329908
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 302
  • ID: 9783527329908
  • weight: 716
  • ISBN10: 3527329900

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