This title presents mathematical models for estimating and predicting sediment fluxes. Models provide sufficient detail and data to enable scientists in the field to reproduce the computations and use the models for understanding their own data. It also provides computations directly applicable to developing modern water quality models. All models have been calibrated and verified using three large data sets.
Preface. Acknowledgments. PRELIMINARIES. Properties of Sediments. Model Formulation. NUTRIENTS. Ammonia. Nitrate. Steady State Model. Phosphorus. Silica. OXYGEN. Oxygen Equivalents. Sulfide. Methane. Sulfide and Methane. TIME VARIABLE MODEL IMPLEMENTATION. Diagenesis. Mass Transport and Numerical Methods. MODEL CALIBRATION AND APPLICATIONS. Chesapeake Bay. MERL, Long Island Sound, and Lake Champlain. Steady State and Time Variable Behavior. METALS. Calcium and Alkalinity. Manganese I: Sediment Flux. Manganese II: Overlying Water--Sediment Interaction. Iron Flux Model. Cadmium and Iron. Appendix A: Data Tables. Appendix B: Computer Program. Nomenclature. Bibliography. Index.