'Philosophy is written in this great book which is continually open before our eyes - I mean the universe...' Galileo's astronomical discoveries changed the way we look at the world, and our place in the universe. Threatened by the Inquisition for daring to contradict the literal truth of the Bible, Galileo ignited a scientific revolution when he asserted that the Earth moves. This generous selection from his writings contains all the essential texts for a reader to appreciate his lasting significance. Mark Davie's new translation renders Galileo's vigorous Italian prose into clear modern English, while William R. Shea's version of the Latin Sidereal Message makes accessible the book that created a sensation in 1610 with its account of Galileo's observations using the newly invented telescope. All Galileo's contributions to the debate on science and religion are included, as well as key documents from his trial before the Inquisition in 1633. A lively introduction and clear notes give an overview of Galileo's career and explain the scientific and philosophical background to the texts.
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Mark Davie has taught Italian at the Universities of Liverpool and Exeter. He has published studies on various aspects of Italian literature, mainly in the period from Dante to the Renaissance, and has edited Tasso's The Liberation of Jerusalem, tr. Max Wickert, for Oxford World's Classics. He is particularly interested in the relations between learned and popular culture, and between Latin and the vernacular, in Italy in the Renaissance. William R. Shea is the author of several books including Galileo's Intellectual Revolution (Macmillan, 1972), Galileo in Rome (OUP, 2003), and Galileo Observed (Science History, 2006), the last two co-authored with Mariano Artigas.
INTRODUCTION; SELECT BIBLIOGRAPHY; A CHRONOLOGY OF GALILEO; A SIDEREAL MESSAGE; LETTERS ON THE SUNSPOTS; SCIENCE AND RELIGION; FROM THE ASSAYER; DIALOGUE ON THE TWO CHIEF WORLD SYSTEMS; THE TRIAL; TWO NEW SCIENCES; EXPLANATORY NOTES; INDEX