This text examines the state and voluntary organizations in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda, at a time when privatization of services is part of structural adjustment programmes in most African countries. The contributors argue that market-oriented prescriptions pay little attention to three important features of service provision: One is that the provision of services for most of the population depends on collective action by the state, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) and People's Organizations (POs). The second is that the links between the voluntary sector and the state are becoming more - not less - important for service provisions. The third feature of service provision is the growing importance of foreign aid. Not only is foreign assistance a major reason for the growth of the voluntary sector, but, it is suggested, aid has also made it possible for the state to maintain - and lately increase - its role in service provision.
Uganda: Fountain Publishers; Kenya: EAEP
Part 1 General issues: bringing voluntarism back in - East Africa in comparative perspective, Goran Hyden; NGOs and the globalization of social welfare - perspectives from East Africa, Alan Fowler. Part 2 Kenya: the politics of development space - the state and NGOs in the delivery of basic services in Kenya, Njuguna Ng'ethe and Karuti Kanyinga; dynamics of partnership in the provision of general education in Kenya - state versus non-state sectors, Amukowa Anangwe; service provision in rural Kenya - who benefits?, Walter O. Oyugi. Part 3 Tanzania: social services provision in Tanzania - the relationship between political development strategies and NGO participation, Gaspar K. Munishi; provision of secondary education in Tanzania - historical background and current trends, Abel G.M. Ishumi; maintaining law and order in Tanzania - the role of Sungusungu defence groups, Jwani T. Mwaikusa; the Catholic church and Tanzanian state in the provision of social services, John C. Sivalon. Part 4 Uganda: popular initiatives in service provision in Uganda, Emmanuel Nabuguzi; the rise of People's Organizations in primary education in Uganda, P.O. Passi; popular versus state provision of local justice - the resistance councils in Uganda, Per Tidemand.