Gabrielle Simm's critical re-evaluation of sex between international personnel and local people examines the zero tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse and its international legal framework. Whereas most preceding studies of the issue have focused exclusively on military peacekeepers, Sex in Peace Operations also covers the private military contractors and humanitarian NGO workers who play increasingly important roles in peace operations. Informed by socio-legal studies, Simm uses three case studies (Bosnia, West Africa and the Democratic Republic of the Congo) to illustrate the extent of the problem and demonstrate that the problems of impunity for sexual crimes are not just a failure of political will but the result of the structural weaknesses of international law in addressing non-state actors. Combining the insights of feminist critique with a regulatory approach to international law, her conclusions will interest scholars of international law, peace and conflict studies, gender and sexuality, and development.
Gabrielle Simm is a Visiting Fellow at the Regulatory Institutions Network, Australian National University. She has previously worked as a government lawyer advising on international law in the Australian Attorney-General's Department and the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade, and as a diplomat in Southeast Asia. She has also worked as a refugee lawyer in Melbourne.
1. Introduction; 2. A feminist framework for regulating peace operations; 3. Law as regulation; 4. Above the law? Sex trafficking by private military contractors in Bosnia; 5. Aid for sex: humanitarian NGO workers in West Africa; 6. 'Zero compliance with zero tolerance': UN peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of the Congo; 7. Conclusion.