There are over a million jazz recordings, but only a few hundred tunes have been recorded repeatedly. Why did a minority of songs become jazz standards? Why do some songs--and not others--get rerecorded by many musicians? Shaping Jazz answers this question and more, exploring the underappreciated yet crucial roles played by initial production and markets--in particular, organizations and geography--in the development of early twentieth-century jazz. Damon Phillips considers why places like New York played more important roles as engines of diffusion than as the sources of standards. He demonstrates why and when certain geographical references in tune and group titles were considered more desirable. He also explains why a place like Berlin, which produced jazz abundantly from the 1920s to early 1930s, is now on jazz's historical sidelines. Phillips shows the key influences of firms in the recording industry, including how record companies and their executives affected what music was recorded, and why major companies would rerelease recordings under artistic pseudonyms.
He indicates how a recording's appeal was related to the narrative around its creation, and how the identities of its firm and musicians influenced the tune's long-run popularity. Applying fascinating ideas about market emergence to a music's commercialization, Shaping Jazz offers a unique look at the origins of a groundbreaking art form.
Damon J. Phillips is the James P. Gorman Professor of Business Strategy at Columbia University and a faculty affiliate of Columbia's Center for Jazz Studies and the Center for Organizational Innovation.
Acknowledgments ix Introduction - Sociological Congruence and the Shaping of Recorded Jazz 1 Chapter 1 The Puzzle of Geographical Disconnectedness 13 Chapter 2 Further Exploring the Salience of Geography 40 Chapter 3 Sociological Congruence and the Puzzle of Early German Jazz 53 Chapter 4 Sociological Congruence and Record Company Comparative Advantage 77 Chapter 5 The Sociological Congruence of Record Company Deception 103 Chapter 6 The Sociological Congruence of Identity Sequences and Adoption Narratives 120 Chapter 7 Pulling It Together and Stretching It Beyond 137 Appendix 159 Notes 169 References 187 Index 203