This book explores the global conservation and management of sharks. There has been a rapid decline in populations of many shark species, while new science has emerged of the critical role they play in marine ecosystems. However, the authors show that conservation law and policy have been slow to develop, with only a small number of iconic species being protected worldwide. The increase in fishing impact - primarily through shark finning and by-catch - has led to shark conservation receiving greater international attention in recent years. The book surveys our current knowledge and status of the law and science in relation to sharks with a particular focus on improving frameworks for their conservation and management. Recent trends are analysed, including shark finning bans that have been put in place in several countries, the widening number of nations establishing shark sanctuaries and the growth of shark-based tourism. The efficacy of current listing processes for endangered species and fisheries regulations is also examined. Tourism is explored as an alternative to fishing and the risks and impacts associated with this industry are analysed.
Contributors include leading authorities from universities and conservation organizations in North America, Europe and Australia. A common theme is to emphasise the importance of collaborative governance between various interest groups and the need for inter-disciplinary research and management approaches that are necessary to address the decline in sharks.
Erika J. Techera is a Professor and Dean in the Faculty of Law at the University of Western Australia. Natalie Klein is a Professor and Dean at Macquarie Law School, Macquarie University, Australia.
Introduction Erika Techera and Natalie Klein Part 1: Governance Challenges 1. Approaches to Conservation and Governance of Marine Species Erika Techera 2. The Existing Global Legal Regimes Natalie Klein 3. Challenges for International Governance Mary Lack Part 2: Scientific Perspectives 4. The State of Knowledge on Sharks for Conservation and Management Michael Heithaus and Jeremy Kiszka 5. Shark Conservation, Governance and Management: The Science-Law Disconnect Paolo Momigliano and Robert Harcourt 6. Human Perceptions and Attitudes toward Sharks: Examining the Predator Policy Paradox Christopher Neff Part 3: Actors and Stakeholders 7. Collaborations for Conservation Anissa Lawrence 8. The Role of the Tourism Industry Christine Ward-Paige 9. Shark Conservation Efforts - as Diverse as Sharks Themselves Jill Hepp and Elizabeth Wilson Part 4: Risks and Rewards 10. Economic Rationale for Shark Conservation Andres Cisneros-Montemayor and Rashid Sumalia 11. Iconic Species: Great White Sharks, Basking Sharks and Whale Sharks Ryan Kempster and Shaun Collin 12. Species at the Intersection Charlie Huveneers and William Robbins Part 5: Tools and Techniques 13. The role of Marine Protected Areas and Sanctuaries Erich Hoyt 14. Fisheries Management and Regulations Boris Worm, Aurelie Cosandey-Godin and Brendal Davis 15. Synergies, Solutions and the Way Forward Natalie Klein and Erika Techera