Signal and Image Processing for Biometrics

Signal and Image Processing for Biometrics

By: Amine Nait-Ali (editor), Regis Fournier (editor)Hardback

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Description

The aim of this book is to deal with biometrics in terms of signal and image processing methods and algorithms. This will help engineers and students working in digital signal and image processing deal with the implementation of such specific algorithms. It discusses numerous signal and image processing techniques that are very often used in biometric applications. In particular, algorithms related to hand feature extraction, speech recognition, 2D/3D face biometrics, video surveillance and other interesting approaches are presented. Moreover, in some chapters, Matlab codes are provided so that readers can easily reproduce some basic simulation results. This book is suitable for final-year undergraduate students, postgraduate students, engineers and researchers in the field of computer engineering and applied digital signal and image processing. 1. Introduction to Biometrics, Bernadette Dorizzi. 2. Introduction to 2D Face Recognition, Amine Nait-Ali and Dalila Cherifi. 3. Facial Soft Biometrics for Person Recognition, Antitza Dantcheva, Christelle Yemdji, Petros Elia and Jean-Luc Dugelay. 4. Modeling, Reconstruction and Tracking & for Face Recognition, Catherine Herold, Vincent Despiegel, Stephane Gentric,& Severine Dubuisson and Isabelle Bloch. 5. 3D Face Recognition, Mohsen Ardabilian, Przemyslaw Szeptycki, Di Huang and Liming Chen. 6. Introduction to Iris Biometrics, Kamel Aloui, Amine Nait-Ali, Regis Fournier and Saber Naceur. 7. Voice Biometrics: Speaker Verification and Identification, Foezur Chowdhury, Sid-Ahmed Selouani& and Douglas O Shaughnessy. 8. Introduction to Hand Biometrics, Regis Fournier and Amine Nait-Ali. 9. Multibiometrics, Romain Giot, Baptiste Hemery, Estelle Cherrier and& Christophe Rosenberger. 10. Hidden Biometrics, Amine Nait-Ali, Regis Fournier, Kamel Aloui and& Noureddine Belgacem. 11. Performance Evaluation of Biometric Systems, Mohamad El-Abed, Romain Giot, Baptiste Hemery, Julien Mahier& and Christophe Rosenberger. 12. Classification Techniques for Biometrics, Amel Bouchemha, Cherif Nait-Hamoud, Amine Nait-Ali and& Regis Fournier. 13. Data Cryptography, Islam Naveed and William Puech. 14. Visual Data Protection, Islam Naveed and William Puech. 15. Biometrics in Forensics, Guillaume Galou and Christophe Lambert.

About Author

Amine Na t-Ali is Professor at University Paris-Est Cr teil in France. His research interests focus on biosignal processing, biometrics, modeling, pattern recognition and multimodal compression. He has edited and co-edited numerous books and co-authored peer-reviewed papers in the bio-engineering field. Currently, he is in charge of a biometric research group and an international Masters program in biometrics. R gis Fournier is Associate Professor at University Paris-Est Cr teil in France. His research interests concern biosignal processing, modeling, stochastic process, multimodal compression and biometrics. He has co-authored national and international peer-reviewed papers in the biomedical engineering field. A member of a biometric research group, he is currently involved in scientific relationships with companies for an international Masters program in biometrics.

Contents

Preface xiii Amine NAIT-ALI and Regis FOURNIER Chapter 1. Introduction to Biometrics 1 Bernadette DORIZZI 1.1. Background: from anthropometry to biometrics 1 1.2. Biometrics today 2 1.3. Different modes of use of a biometric system and associated uses 3 1.4. Biometrics as a pattern recognition problem 4 1.5. Evaluation of different modalities 8 1.6. Quality 9 1.7. Multimodality 10 1.8. Biometrics and preservation of privacy 11 1.9. Conclusion 12 1.10. Bibliography 12 Chapter 2. Introduction to 2D Face Recognition 15 Amine NAIT-ALI and Dalila CHERIFI 2.1. Introduction 15 2.2. Global face recognition techniques 16 2.3. Local face recognition techniques 25 2.4. Hybrid face recognition techniques 28 2.5. Some guidances 32 2.6. Some databases 35 2.7. Conclusion 35 2.8. Bibliography 36 Chapter 3. Facial Soft Biometrics for Person Recognition 39 Antitza DANTCHEVA, Christelle YEMDJI, Petros ELIA and Jean-Luc DUGELAY 3.1. Introduction to soft biometrics 39 3.2. Soft biometric systems for human identification 42 3.3. Overall error probability of a soft biometrics system 48 3.4. Conclusions and future directions 53 3.5. Bibliography 53 Chapter 4. Modeling, Reconstruction and Tracking for Face Recognition 57 Catherine HEROLD, Vincent DESPIEGEL, Stephane GENTRIC, Severine DUBUISSON and Isabelle BLOCH 4.1. Background 57 4.2. Types of available information 61 4.3. Geometric approaches for the reconstruction 63 4.4. Model-based approaches for reconstruction 67 4.5. Hybrid approaches 76 4.6. Integration of the time aspect 77 4.7. Conclusion 82 4.8. Bibliography 83 Chapter 5. 3D Face Recognition 89 Mohsen ARDABILIAN, Przemyslaw SZEPTYCKI, Di HUANG and Liming CHEN 5.1. Introduction 89 5.2. 3D face databases 90 5.3. 3D acquisition 92 5.4. Preprocessing and normalization 94 5.5. 3D face recognition 101 5.6. Asymmetric face recognition 109 5.7. Conclusion 110 5.8. Bibliography 111 Chapter 6. Introduction to Iris Biometrics 117 Kamel ALOUI, Amine NAIT-ALI, Regis FOURNIER and Saber NACEUR 6.1. Introduction 117 6.2. Iris biometric systems 118 6.3. Iris recognition methods: state-of-the-art 119 6.4. Preprocessing of iris images 122 6.5. Features extraction and encoding 125 6.6. Similarity measure between two IrisCodes 126 6.7. Iris biometrics: emerging methods 127 6.8. Conclusion 128 6.9. Bibliography 128 Chapter 7. Voice Biometrics: Speaker Verification and Identification 131 Foezur CHOWDHURY, Sid-Ahmed SELOUANI and Douglas O SHAUGHNESSY 7.1. Introduction 131 7.2. Acoustic analysis for robust speaker recognition 134 7.3. Distributed speaker recognition through UBM GMM models 138 7.4. Performance evaluation of DSIDV 142 7.5. Conclusion 145 7.6. Bibliography 146 Chapter 8. Introduction to Hand Biometrics 149 Regis FOURNIER and Amine NAIT-ALI 8.1. Introduction 149 8.2. Characterization by minutiae extraction 151 8.3. A few databases 160 8.4. Conclusion 165 8.5. Bibliography 165 Chapter 9. Multibiometrics 167 Romain GIOT, Baptiste HEMERY, Estelle CHERRIER and Christophe ROSENBERGER 9.1. Introduction 167 9.2. Different principles of multibiometrics 169 9.3. Fusion levels 171 9.4. Applications and illustrations 189 9.5. Conclusion 191 9.6. Bibliography 192 Chapter 10. Hidden Biometrics 195 Amine NAIT-ALI, Regis FOURNIER, Kamel ALOUI and Noureddine BELGACEM 10.1. Introduction 195 10.2. Biometrics using ECG 196 10.3. Biometrics using EMG: preliminary experiments 198 10.4. Biometrics using medical imaging 200 10.5. Conclusion 205 10.6. Bibliography 205 Chapter 11. Performance Evaluation of Biometric Systems 207 Mohamad EL ABED, Romain GIOT, Baptiste HEMERY, Julien MAHIER and Christophe ROSENBERGER 11.1. Introduction 207 11.2. Reminders on biometric systems 208 11.3. Results analysis tools 212 11.4. Illustration of the GREYC-Keystroke system 223 11.5. Conclusion 228 11.6. Bibliography 229 Chapter 12. Classification Techniques for Biometrics 231 Amel BOUCHEMHA, Cherif NAIT-HAMOUD, Amine NAIT-ALI and Regis FOURNIER 12.1. Introduction 231 12.2. Generalization aptitude and performance measures 232 12.3. Parametric approaches 234 12.4. Non-parametric approaches 241 12.5. Conclusion 260 12.6. Bibliography 261 Chapter 13. Data Cryptography 263 Islam NAVEED and William PUECH 13.1. Introduction 263 13.2. Cryptography 263 13.3. Conclusion 276 13.4. Bibliography 276 Chapter 14. Visual Data Protection 279 Islam NAVEED and William PUECH 14.1. Introduction 279 14.2. Visual data hiding 279 14.3. A proposed homomorphism-based visual secret sharing scheme 284 14.4. Conclusion 294 14.5. Bibliography 294 Chapter 15. Biometrics in Forensics 297 Guillaume GALOU and Christophe LAMBERT 15.1. Introduction 297 15.2. Facial comparison 298 15.3. Voice comparison in forensics 301 15.4. Bibliography 311 List of Authors 313 Index 317

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9781848213852
  • Format: Hardback
  • Number Of Pages: 336
  • ID: 9781848213852
  • weight: 628
  • ISBN10: 1848213859

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