Written by experts in the field, this book describes advanced techniques for the chemical synthesis of functional organic nanoparticles and proposes new characterization and manipulation methods for single nanoparticles. Theoretical and experimental studies of the physical and chemical properties of organic particles, semiconductor particles and liquid droplets are reported. The text gives not only scientific details but also discusses the general and historical background, applications, and future perspectives. A clear interpretation of technical terms and concepts is included where necessary. The material for the book originates from the research activities of the collaboration project "Laser Chemistry of Single Organic Nanometer Particles" supported by the Ministry of Education, Science Sports and Culture of Japan. It is written primarily for graduate students, researchers and engineers.
Introduction.- Reprecipitation Method for Organic Nanocrystals.- Laser Ablation Method for Dya and Aromatic Nanoparticles.- Synthesis of Functionalized Polymer Particles.- Synthesis of Photosensitive Dendrimer Molecules.- Electrodynamic Trap of Single Microparticles.- Lasing Spectroscopy of Single Microspheres.- Microspectroscopy of Single Nanoparticles.- Force Measurement for a Single Nanoparticle.- Laser Manipulation of Single Nanoparticles.- Optical Spectrum of a Confined Exciton in a Sphere.- Optical Manipulation of Single Nanoparticles Under Resonant Condition.- Low-Dimensional Excitations in Aromatic Nanoparticles.- Optical Properties of Polymer Nanocrystals.- Photophysics of Capped nanocrystals and Molecular J-Aggregates.- Near-Field Microspectroscopy and Microprocessing of Individual Perylene Microcrystals.- Photochemical Dynamics of Fullerene Nanoparticles.- Structural Relaxation of Dendrimers and Polymer Nanoparticles with Single Chromophores.- Photophysical Properties of Semiconductor Nanocrystals.- Electronic States of Chemically Modified CdS Nanoparticles.- Photoredox Chemistry of Single Microdroplets in Water.- Raman Spectroscopy of a Single Microdroplet.- Picoliter Droplets for Single-Particle and Single-Molecule Imaging.- Auto-Oscillated Vibration of Single Oil Droplets.- Photon-Force Controlled Molecular Assembling in Solution.- Spectroscopic Analysis of Single Microparticles Under Solution-Flow Conditions.- Stimulus-Responsive Polymer Nanoparticles.- Photonic Band Properties of Ordered Nanoparticle Layers.- Particle-Based Optical Devices.