The impact of gender in fuelling HIV/AIDS has become a fundamental aspect of addressing the pandemic. It is clear that gender plays a pivotal role in how women and men respond to counselling, testing, treatment, care and prevention programmes. This report contains the presentations delivered at the gender and HIV/AIDS-themed sessions held during the 3rd African Conference of the Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance (SAHARA), held in Dakar, in October 2005. The first section provides an overview of some of the critical gender and HIV/AIDS theory; the second section contains presentations on how to design gender-sensitive research and how to extract gender-relevant data from existing research data, as well as how to move from research to advocacy to policy; presentations in the third section contain worksheets that can be used in training others to use a gendered lens. SAHARA provides a vehicle for the sharing of scientific research and information, and a platform for scientists, policy-makers, programme implementers and communities in Africa to discuss ways to improve HIV/AIDS-related policies, programmes and strategies.
Bridgette Prince is the gender and networking coordinator for SAHARA at the Human Sciences Research Council (HSRC) and is the international liaison officer in the office of the CEO at the HSRC. Sarah Pugh is a CIDA-funded intern with SAHARA and the Atlantic Centre of Excellence for Women's Health. Sharon Kleintjes is a research manager for the SAHARA program.
Capacity-building session - from theory to practice: A critical look at the use of gender theory in responses to HIV/AIDS; gender mainstreaming and HIV/AIDS in Swaziland; HIV/AIDS and gender from a community perspective; developing a research agenda for gender in Africa; sexual identities and men who have sex with men. Capacity-building workshops - applying gender-based analysis to practice and informing emerging theory: Gender and research theory, design and implementation; from research to advocacy to policy: the Kenyan perspective; gender relations, sexual negotiations, and HIV prevention in Senegal university campuses - Dakar and Saint Louis; Women, poverty and vulnerability in the face of HIV/AIDS; engendering action research to influence policy and practice; extracting gender-relevant data from existing research. Capacity-building workshops - building skills and capacity using: Masculinities - implications for the HIV/AIDS epidemic; the Men as Partners programme in South Africa - reaching men to end gender-based violence and promote sexual and reproductive health; gender and HIV/AIDS - the nuts and bolts of gender-based analysis.