Using theory, research evidence and experiential knowledge is a critical component of good social work. This unique text is designed to help social work students and practitioners to integrate theorizing into practice, demonstrating how to search for, select and translate academic knowledge for practical use in helping people improve their lives and environments.
Presenting 32 core skills, Skills for Using Theory in Social Work provides a conceptual foundation, a vocabulary, and a set of skills to aid competent social work theorizing. Each chapter outlines the knowledge and action components of the skill and its relationship to core practice behaviours, along with learning and reflection activities. The lessons are divided into four parts:
Section one discusses foundational material, including self-identification as a theorist-practitioner, the deliberate use of the term theory, and a social work approach to the selection of knowledge.
Section two focuses on the adept use of theorizing skills. It covers identifying assumptions, using concepts, formulating propositions, organizing theory elements inductively or deductively, summarizing and displaying the elements of a theory, gathering and organizing assessment information and communicating with clients and colleagues about tentative theories.
Section three includes lessons preparing social workers for the construction of useful middle-range theories including causal theories and interpretive theories and for testing and sharing these practical theories.
Section four presents skills to develop critical thinking about theoretical knowledge. These include avoiding the misuse of theory, judging a theory using scientific standards, judging a theory by professional standards, critiquing theory in its cultural and historical context and making judgments about the likely long-term impact of a theory.
This key text will help readers to demonstrate their expertise in reflective, competent, and theory-informed practice. It is suitable for all social work students and practitioners, particularly those taking practice, theory and human behaviour in the social environment courses.
James A. Forte is Professor of Social Work at Salisbury University, Maryland, USA.
Foreword Introduction Section 1: Theorizing Basics 1. Identify and Act as Theorist Engaged in Theoretical Thinking 2. Identify and Use Purposefully Different Styles of Theorizing 3. Identify and Use the Social Work Approach to Knowledge Selection 4. Identify and Use Knowledge from Varied Sources 5. Identify and Use Theory Differentially by Level of Abstraction 6. Identify and Use Theory Differentially by System Level Section 2: Applying Theory (Deconstructive and Reconstructive Theorizing) 7. Identify the Theoretical Aspects of the Practice Puzzle 8. Identify and Borrow from Relevant Theoretical Frameworks 9. Identify and Learn From Relevant Exemplary Theorists 10. Check on and Imagine Puzzle Patterns Using Theory's Root Metaphors 11. Check on and Specify Theory's Assumptions 12. Identify and Adapt a Theory's Concepts 13. Identify and Reformulate a Theory's Propositions 14. Identify and Reorganize a Theory's Deductive Argument 15. Identify and Reorganize a Theory's Inductive Argument 16. Summarize the Relationship between a Theory's Elements 17. Display a Theory's Elements Section 3: Constructing Practical Theories 18. Construct Practical Theories in the Middle Range 19. Construct a Middle Range Theory about Causes 20. Construct a Middle Range Theory about Processes or Themes 21. Translate and Speak Theory with Clients & Colleagues Section 4: Critical Thinking about Theoretical Knowledge Using Scientific, Practical, and Professional Standards 22. Think Critically about Theory 23. Critique Theory Using Scientific and Practical Standards 24. Critique Theory Using Professional Standard of Ethics and Values 25. Critique Theory Using Professional Standard of Evidence 26. Critique Theory Using Professional Standard of Holism 27. Critique Theory Using Professional Standard of Justice 28. Critique Theory Using Professional Standard of Sensitivity to Diversity 29. Critique Theory Using Professional Standard of Strengths 30. Critique Theory by Reference to Moral and Technical Uses 31. Critique Theory in Historical and Cultural Context 32. Critique Theory Considering Long Term Impact Section 5: Conclusion Coda: Principles for Practical Theorizing