African slavery was pervasive in Spain's Atlantic empire yet remained in the margins of the imperial economy until the end of the eighteenth century when the plantation revolution in the Caribbean colonies put the slave traffic and the plantation at the center of colonial exploitation and conflict. The international group of scholars brought together in this volume explain Spain's role as a colonial pioneer in the Atlantic world and its latecomer status as a slave-trading, plantation-based empire. These contributors map the broad contours and transformations of slave-trafficking, the plantation, and antislavery in the Hispanic Atlantic while also delving into specific topics that include: the institutional and economic foundations of colonial slavery; the law and religion; the influences of the Haitian Revolution and British abolitionism; antislavery and proslavery movements in Spain; race and citizenship; and the business of the illegal slave trade.
Josep M. Fradera is Professor of History at the Universitat Pompeu Fabra and a researcher at the Institucio Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats (ICREA). He is the author of Colonias para despues de un imperio (2005). Christopher Schmidt-Nowara is Professor of History and Prince of Asturias Chair in Spanish Culture & Civilization at Tufts University. He is the author of Slavery, Freedom, and Abolition in Latin America and the Atlantic World (2011).
Introduction: Colonial Pioneer, Plantation Latecomer Josep M. Fradera and Christopher Schmidt-Nowara Chapter 1. The Slave Trade in the Spanish Empire (1501-1808): The Shift from Periphery to Center Josep M. Delgado Chapter 2. The Portuguese Missionaries and Early Modern Antislavery Luiz Felipe de Alencastro Chapter 3. The Economic Role of Slavery in a Non-Slave Society: The River Plate, 1750-1860 Juan Carlos Garavaglia Chapter 4. Slaves and the Creation of Legal Rights in Cuba: Coartacion and Papel (reprinted from Hispanic American Historical Review) Alejandro de la Fuente Chapter 5. Cuban Slavery and Atlantic Antislavery (reprinted from Review: A Journal of the Fernand Braudel Center) Ada Ferrer Chapter 6. Wilberforce Spanished: Joseph Blanco White and Spanish Antislavery, 1808-1814 Christopher Schmidt-Nowara Chapter 7. Spanish Merchants and the Slave Trade: From Legality to Illegality, 1814-1870 Martin Rodrigo Chapter 8. The Amistad: Ramon Ferrer, Cuba, and the Transatlantic Dimensions of Slaving and Contraband Trade Michael Zeuske Chapter 9. Antislavery before Abolitionism: Networks and Motives in Early Liberal Barcelona, 1833-1844 Albert Garcia Balana Chapter 10. Moments in a Postponed Abolition Josep M. Fradera Chapter 11. From Empires of Slaves to Empires of Antislavery Seymour Drescher