This work examines Czech Structuralism from the mid-nineteen twenties until 1948 (J. Mukarovsky, R. Jakobson, F. Vodicka, R. Wellek, etc.), the Polish so-called Integral School, lasting from about 1930 until 1945, (M. Kridl, K. Budzyk, F. Siedlicki, D. Hopensztand, S. Zolkiewski), as well as R. Ingarden's views on literary criticism, i.e. that system of literary theory which together with Russian Formalism was termed "Slavic Structuralism". The whole period is examined in developmental chronology. Despite this, the goal is not a history of science, but to throw light on the system of literary criticism which Slavic Structuralism has bequeathed to us and to show to what extent and how it can be of use to us.
1. Preface; 2. 1. Slavic Structuralism as a Trend in Literary Criticism; 3. 1.1. The Trend as Part of the Scientific Paradigm; 4. 1.2. Structuralist Literary Scholarship and Philosophy; 5. 1.3. The Historical Role of the Structuralist Trend in Literary Criticism; 6. 1.4. Slavic Structuralist Literary Theory and Linguistics; 7. 2. Functional Structuralism: Jan Mukarovsky; 8. 2.1. Literature as Structure; 9. 2.2. Mobility of the Literary Structure; 10. 2.3. The Literary Work as Sign; 11. 2.4. The Literary Work as Value; 12. 2.5. The Literary Work as Thing; 13. 3. Ontological Structuralism: Roman Ingarden; 14. 3.1. The Mode of Existence of the Literary Work; 15. 3.2. The Literary Work and its Concretizations; 16. 3.3. The Structure of the Literary Work; 17. 3.4. The Aesthetic Value of the Literary Work; 18. 4. After Structuralism; 19. 4.1. Structuralism and Neostructuralism; 20. 4.2. Historicism of Marxism; 21. 4.3. The Historicism of Literary Criticism; 22. 5. Outlook; 23. Bibliography; 24. Author Index; 25. Subject Index