In recent years, international attention has turned toward the use of targeted, 'smart' sanctions that minimize unintended humanitarian consequences and focus coercive pressure on responsible decision makers. Some of the world's leading sanctions experts and practitioners join together in this book to provide the first published account of the emerging theory and practice of smart sanctions. The essays examine recent uses of targeted financial sanctions, travel sanctions, and arms embargoes and offer recommendations for improving their design and implementation. Also included is an account of the targeted European Union sanctions that helped bring down the Milosevic regime in Yugoslavia, and a proposal for restructuring UN sanctions in Iraq. The result is a groundbreaking panorama of the latest developments in international sanctions policy, and a range of practical strategies for making sanctions a more humane and effective instrument of international policy.
David Cortright is president of the Fourth Freedom Forum, Goshen, Indiana. George A. Lopez is director of policy studies at the Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies, University of Notre Dame.
Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 2 Targeted Financial Sanctions: Smart Sanctions that Do Work Chapter 3 Targeted Financial Sanctions: The U.S. Model Chapter 4 Targeted Financial Sanctions: Harmonizing National Legislation and Regulatory Practices Chapter 5 European Union Sanctions against the Federal Republic of yugoslavia from 1998 to 2000: A Special Exercise in Targeting Chapter 6 Arms Embargoes: In Name Only? Chapter 7 Putting More Teeth in the UN Arms Embargoes Chapter 8 The UN Experience with Travel Sanctions: Selected Cases and Conclusions Chapter 9 Analyzing the Effects of Targeted Sanctions Chapter 10 United Nations Economic Sanctions: Minimizing Adverse Effects on Nontarget States Chapter 11 Smart Sanctions in Iraq: Policy Options Chapter 12 Appendix A Chapter 13 Appendix B