Smart Urbanism (SU) - the rebuilding of cities through the integration of digital technologies with buildings, neighbourhoods, networked infrastructures and people - is being represented as a unique emerging `solution' to the majority of problems faced by cities today. SU discourses, enacted by technology companies, national governments and supranational agencies alike, claim a supremacy of urban digital technologies for managing and controlling infrastructures, achieving greater effectiveness in managing service demand and reducing carbon emissions, developing greater social interaction and community networks, providing new services around health and social care etc. Smart urbanism is being represented as the response to almost every facet of the contemporary urban question.
This book explores this common conception of the problematic of smart urbanism and critically address what new capabilities are being created by whom and with what exclusions; how these are being developed - and contested; where is this happening both within and between cities; and, with what sorts of social and material consequences. The aim of the book is to identify and convene a currently fragmented and disconnected group of researchers, commentators, developers and users from both within and outside the mainstream SU discourse, including several of those that adopt a more critical perspective, to assess `what' problems of the city smartness can address
The volume provides the first internationally comparative assessment of SU in cities of the global north and south, critically evaluates whether current visions of SU are able to achieve their potential; and then identifies alternative trajectories for SU that hold radical promise for reshaping cities.
Introduction Andres Luque-Ayala, Colin McFarlane and Simon Marvin Smart cities and the politics of urban data Rob Kitchin, Tracey Lauriault and Gavin McArdle IBM and the visual formation of smart cities Donald McNeill The smart entrepreneurial city: Dholera and a 100 other utopias in India Ayona Datta Getting smart about smart cities in Cape Town: Beyond the rhetoric Nancy Odendaal Programming environments: Environmentality and citizen sensing in the smart city Jennifer Gabrys Smart-city initiatives and the Foucauldian logics of governing through code Francisco Klauser and Ola Soederstroem Geographies of smart urban power Gareth Powells, Harriet Bulkeley and Anthony McLean Test-Bed as urban epistemology Nerea Calvillo, Orit Halpern, Jesse LeCavalier and Wolfgang Pietsch Beyond the corporate smart city?: Glimpses of other possibilities of smartness Robert G. Hollands Conclusions Colin McFarlane Andres Luque-Ayala and Simon Marvin