Auschwitz. Treblinka. The very names of these Nazi camps evoke unspeakable cruelty. Sobibor is less well known, and this book discloses the horrors perpetrated there.Established in German-occupied Poland, the camp at Sobibor began its dreadful killing operation in May 1942. By October 1943, approximately 167,000 people had been murdered there. Sobibor is not well documented and, were it not for an extraordinary revolt on 14 October 1943, we would know little about it. On that day, prisoners staged a remarkable uprising in which 300 men and women escaped. The author identifies only forty-seven who survived the war.Sent in June 1943 to Sobibor, where his wife and family were murdered, Jules Schelvis has written the first book-length, fully documented account of the camp. He details the creation of the killing centre, its personnel, the use of railways, selections, forced labour, gas chambers, escape attempts and the historic uprising.In documenting this part of Holocaust history, this compelling and well-researched account advances our knowledge and understanding of the Nazi attempt to annihilate the European Jews.Published in association with the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum.
Jules Schelvis is a Holocaust survivor and independent scholar. In 1943, he was deported to Sobibor, where he lost his wife and family. He lives in the Netherlands. Bob Moore is Reader in History at the University of Sheffield.
* Acknowledgements * Foreword * Introduction * Prelude to the Final Solution * Construction and staffing * The trains * Arrival and selection * The Arbeitshaeftlinge * The gas chambers * Dorohucza/Lublin * Escape attempts * The revolt * After the revolt * Transports by country * The survivors * SS profiles * Explanation of abbreviations * Literature * The transport lists * Persons register * Place register Index