Social and Economic Benefits of Protected Areas: An Assessment Guide

Social and Economic Benefits of Protected Areas: An Assessment Guide

By: Marianne Kettunen (editor), Patrick Ten Brink (editor)Paperback

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Protected areas (PAs) contain biodiversity and ecosystems of high conservation value. In addition, these areas provide a range of benefits, both direct and indirect, to our societies and economies, i.e. so called ecosystem services. These services include, for example, an ecosystem's ability to regulate floods and climate, purify water, secure the pollination of crops, and create opportunities for recreation, culture and tourism. This book offers a comprehensive introduction to the socio-economic benefits of PAs and PA networks and provides step-by-step practical guidance on identifying, assessing and valuing the various ecosystem services and related benefits provided by PAs. It also aims to improve the communication of PA benefits to different stakeholders and the general public. It is shown that identifying and valuing the socio-economic benefits of PAs can be beneficial for several reasons. Demonstrating socio-economic importance of a protected site can significantly increase political and stakeholder support for the site and resolve conflicts between different interest groups. This can lead to positive changes in policies and decision-making. Insights on PA benefits are also needed to identify a combination of actions and land use practices that best support the sustainable and equitable utilisation of these benefits, while retaining a site's conservation goals. Finally, demonstrating different benefits can help to discover alternative and sustainable sources for financing the management of PAs.

About Author

Marianne Kettunen is Senior Policy Analyst at the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) and Guest Researcher at the Finnish Environment Institute, Helsinki, Finland with dedicated experience in studies, capacity building and policy influence related to the socio-economic role of biodiversity and ecosystem services and supporting the integration of these aspects into decision-making processes. Patrick ten Brink is Senior Fellow and Head of Office at the Institute for European Environmental Policy (IEEP) in Brussels, Belgium. He is also the editor of the book: "The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity in National and International Policy Making", developed within "The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity" (TEEB) project, administered by the United Nations Environment Programme.


Foreword Braulio F. de Souza Dias and Ernesto Enkerlin-Hoeflich Introduction 1. Introduction, Objectives and Approach Marianne Kettunen and Patrick ten Brink 1.1 Introduction 1.2 Objectives, scope and audience 1.3 Guiding principles 1.4 Approach, data, structure and application Part 1: Contextual Guidance 2. Protected Areas: Their Values and Benefits Nigel Dudley, Sue Stolton and Marianne Kettunen 2.1 Different benefits and values of protected areas 2.2 Basis of benefits: structure, functioning and processes in protected areas 2.3 Ecosystem services and related goods provided and supported by protected areas 2.4 Broader benefits 2.5 Putting the benefits into perspective 2.6 Opportunities and risks of assessing benefits 3. General Principles for Estimating the Socio-economic Value of Benefits Provided by Protected Areas Marianne Kettunen, Patrick ten Brink and Samuela Bassi 3.2 Estimating the socio-economic value of benefits 3.3 Estimating the costs of protected areas 3.5 Estimating the total (net) benefits of a protected area 3.4 Estimating the added value of protected area designation 3.6 Estimating benefits from multiple sites Part 2: Practical Guidance Step I. A Scoping Assessment of Possible Benefits 4. Scoping Assessment of Benefits Provided by Protected Areas Marianne Kettunen and Patrick ten Brink 4.1 How to carry out a scoping assessment? 4.2 Identification and rapid assessment of benefits 4.3 Joint consideration of different benefits 4.4 Considerations of benefits the context of multiple protected areas 4.5 Identification of net benefits Annex 1. Scoping Assessments of Benefits Provided by Protected Areas - an Example of Application Dalia D'Amato, Marianne Kettunen, Azucena de la Cruz, Jose Benedicto Royuela and Artur Gil 5. Deciding which Benefits to Analyse in More Detail Marianne Kettunen and Patrick ten Brink 5.1 Identifying the most important benefits 5.2 Identifying the purpose of socio-economic valuation 5.3 Possible resources to support detailed socio-economic assessment Step II. Detailed Methodological Guidance to Estimating Benefits 6. Provisioning Services and Related Goods Marianne Kettunen and Dalia D'Amato 6.1 Overview of benefits 6.2 Socio-economic importance of benefits 6.3 Estimating the value of benefits Annex 2. Step by Step Guidance: Valuation of Biodiversity Resources Marianne Kettunen and Dalia D'Amato 7. Regulating Services and Related Goods Tomas Badura and Marianne Kettunen 7.1 Overview of benefits 7.2 Socio-economic importance of benefits 7.3 Role of different stakeholders in maintaining and using benefits 7.4 Estimating the value of benefits Annex 3. Step by Step Guidance: Water Related Ecosystem Services Tomas Badura and Marianne Kettunen Annex 4. Step by Step Guidance: Climate Change Mitigation (Carbon Storage and Sequestration) Samuela Bassi and Patrick ten Brink 8. Cultural Services and Related Goods Sonja Gantioler and Dalia D'Amato 8.1 Overview of benefits 8.2 Socio-economic importance of benefits 8.3 Estimating the value of benefits Annex 5. Step by Step Guidance: Tourism, Recreation and Other Cultural Benefits Sonja Gantioler and Dalia D'Amato 9. Appreciating the Value of Supporting Service Dalia D'Amato and Marianne Kettunen 9.1 Overview of benefits 9.2 Socio-economic importance of benefits 9.3 Estimating the value of benefits 10. Wider Socio-economic Benefits Sonja Gantioler and Patrick ten Brink 10.1 Overview of benefits 10.2 Socio-economic importance of benefits 10.3 Estimating the value of benefits 11. Costs Related to Protected Areas Samuela Bassi and Dalia D'Amato 11.1 Costs of management 11.2 Opportunity costs 11.3 Other costs 11.4 Total costs of protected areas 12. Assessing Net Benefits: Site Level Patrick ten Brink and Marianne Kettunen 12.1 Assessing aggregated benefits 12.2 Comparing benefits with costs 12.3 Considering the added value of PA designation and management Annex 6. Calculating Net Present Values (NPVs) and the Effect of Different Discount Rates Patrick ten Brink 13. Assessing Net Benefits: Multiple Sites Patrick ten Brink and Marianne Kettunen 13.1 Issues to reflect when aggregating values for multiple sites 13.2 Assessing aggregated benefits of multiple sites by scaling up 13.3 Estimating the future benefits of multiple sites 13.4 Comparing costs and benefits at an aggregate scale Step III: Interpreting, Using and Communicating The Estimates 14. Interpreting the Results of Socio-economic Assessments Patrick ten Brink and Marianne Kettunen 14.1 General meaning of the results 14.2 `Reading' socio-economic assessments 14.3 Robustness of estimates 14.4 Level of confidence 14.5 Wider reflection on the utility of the results 15. Using and Communicating the Results Sections 15.1-15.3 by Sue Stolton and Nigel Dudley Section 15.4-15.5 by Marianne Kettunen, and Dalia D'Amato 15.1 Understanding, awareness and advocacy 15.2 Support to decision-making and management 15.3 Identifying and addressing social impacts 15.4 Mobilizing funds 15.5 Considering synergies and conflicts with biodiversity conservation Conclusions 16. Conclusions and Way Forward Marianne Kettunen and Patrick ten Brink 16.1 Towards a full appreciation and uptake of benefits provided by protected areas 16.2 An integrated future vision for protected areas: benefits for biodiversity and people Index

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780415632843
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 368
  • ID: 9780415632843
  • weight: 567
  • ISBN10: 0415632846

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