Social Currents in Eastern Europe traces the diverse social currents that have developed alongside and interacted with political and economic forces to bring about change in Eastern Europe. In this second edition-which significantly updates and expands the previous edition to include a new introduction, revisions throughout, as well as five new chapters, including timely material on ethnic war in the former Yugoslavia-Ramet extends and develops the theory of social change upon which the book is based.
Ramet draws on interviews conducted over a ten-year period with individuals active in arenas for social change-intellectual dissent, feminism, religious activism, youth cultures and movements, and trade unionism-in eight East European countries: East Germany, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Yugoslavia, Romania, Bulgaria, and Albania. She shows how the processes leading to the ultimate collapse of communism began more than a decade earlier and how they were necessarily manifested in spheres as diverse as religion and rock music.
Ramet also examines the consequences of the "Great Transformation" and analyzes the numerous unresolved problems that these societies currently confront, whether it be in the arena of economics, political legitimation, or the challenges of establishing a civil society free of chauvinism.
Sabrina P. Ramet is Professor of International Studies at the University of Washington. She is the author and editor of numerous books, including Nihil Obstat (Duke University Press).
Tables ix Preface to the Second Edition x Preface to the First Edition xi Abbreviations xv I. Introduction 3 2. Social Currents and Social Change 24 II. Dissent and Parallel Society in the 1980s 3. Disaffection and Dissent in East Germany 55 4. Underground Solidarity and Parallel Society in Poland 84 5. Independent Activism in Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Romania 120 III. Religious and Ethnic Currents 6. Religious Change and New Cults in Eastern Europe 155 7. Church and Dissent in Praetorian Poland 178 8. Serb-Albanian Tensions in Kosovo 196 IV. A New Generation 9. Feminism in Yugoslavia 219 10. Rock Music and Counterculture 234 11. Young People: The Lost Generation 262 V. Collapse of the Old Order 12. Bulgaria: A Weak Society 279 13. Strong Societies: Hungary, Poland, and Yugoslavia 288 14. Dominoes: East Germany, Czechoslovakia, and the Future of Europe 313 15. The Great Transformation 338 VI. Building New Systems 16. Core Tasks for a Pluralist Order 371 17. Yugoslav Breakup and Ethnic War 401 18. Civil Society and Uncivil Chauvinism 431 19. Propositions About the Future 455 Appendixes: Public Opinion Polls 461 Notes 483 Selected Bibliography 565 Index 569