Social Democracy in the Global Periphery focuses on social-democratic regimes in the developing world that have, to varying degrees, reconciled the needs of achieving growth through globalized markets with extensions of political, social and economic rights. The authors show that opportunities exist to achieve significant social progress, despite a global economic order that favours core industrial countries. Their findings derive from a comparative analysis of four exemplary cases: Kerala (India), Costa Rica, Mauritius and Chile (since 1990). Though unusual, the social and political conditions from which these developing-world social democracies arose are not unique; indeed, pragmatic and proactive social-democratic movements helped create these favourable conditions. The four exemplars have preserved or even improved their social achievements since neoliberalism emerged hegemonic in the 1980s. This demonstrates that certain social-democratic policies and practices - guided by a democratic developmental state - can enhance a national economy's global competitiveness.
Richard Sandbrook is Professor of Political Science at the University of Toronto. Marc Edelman is Professor of Anthropology at Hunter College and the Graduate Center, City University of New York. Patrick Heller is Professor of Sociology at Brown University. Judith Teichman is Professor of Political Science at the University of Toronto.
Part I. Introduction: 1. Social democracy in the periphery; 2. Burdens of history; Part II. Case Studies: 3. Kerala: radical social democracy as democratic deepening; 4. Costa Rica: resilience of a classic social democracy; 5. Mauritius: evolution of a classic social democracy; 6. Chile: the tumultuous path to the third way; Part III. Patterns and Prospects: 7. Social and political origins; 8. Challenges of globalization; 9. Prospects.