The growing field of social entrepreneurship sits between purpose-built start-ups that pursue a traditional for-profit business model, and the conventional non-profit models that depend on grants, charity and public funding. Because of their position, social entrepreneurs face a unique challenge to balance social impact with financial returns, and must replicate and scale their business models when seeking to internationalize. This book, the fifth in the Actions and Insights series under the auspices of AIB-MENA, explores how various start-up models, whether private sector-led, private sector-incubated, or more traditional non-profit ventures, have built a business model and, in some cases, succeeded in scaling and internationalizing their businesses. Cases here reflect the challenges that social entrepreneurs face, both personal and organizational, and take a variety of perspectives, such as entrepreneurial motivation, `doing good well', empowerment, funding, governance, impact measurement, and understanding the challenges and opportunities that go with scaling.
Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan, Karlshochschule International University, Karlsruhe, Germany, President & Founder of Academy of International Business (MENA), affiliated with University of Wollongong in Dubai, UAE Valerie Lindsay, American University of Sharjah, UAE (formerly of University of Wollongong in Dubai, UAE)
1. Perspective: Social Entrepreneurship - A Roadmap for the Future - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan PART I: COMMUNITY-LED ACTIVISM 2. Perspective: Social Entrepreneurs as Change Makers - Iman Bibars 3. Ruwwad Al-Tanmeya: The Arab Foundation for Sustainable Development - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan 4. Sulabh International Service Organization: Overcoming Social Barriers to Create Change - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan and Sadaf Khurshid PART II: FUNDING FOR CHANGE 5. Perspective: Corporate Entrepreneurship Responsibility, Private Sector Engagement, and Activism in Development - Fadi Ghandour 6. Gavi, The Vaccine Alliance: Saving Lives One Vaccine at a Time - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan 7. Vestergaard: The Humanitarian Entrepreneurship Business Model - Where Doing Good Is Good Business - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan 8. The TATA Way of Doing Business - Mukund Rajan and Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan PART III: SCALING SOLUTIONS THROUGH TECHNOLOGY 9. Perspective: Future of Education in the Middle East: The Opportunity to Scale Solutions through Technology - Christopher M. Schroeder and Sherif Kamel 10. Wamda: Setting an Example for Scale-Up and Collaborative Entrepreneurship - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan 11. Souktel: Using M-Technology to Impact Emerging Markets - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan 12. Nakhweh: Creating a Volunteer-Based Community - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan PART IV: PRESERVING, ENCOURAGING AND INSPIRING CULTURAL HERITAGE 13. Perspective: Social and Cultural Enterprise: An Underutilized Resource in the Battle for Hearts and Minds - Badr Jafar 14. Sougha, Khalifa Fund for Enterprise Development: Empowering Women and Preserving Emirati Traditional Handicrafts - Sheikha Shamma bint Sultan bin Khalifa Al Nahyan and Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan 15. THE 99: The Journey of Dr. Naif Al-Mutawa - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan 16. Balqees Honey: Liquid Gold - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan PART V: WOMEN - SPEARHEADING CHANGE 17. Perspective: Why Business Acumen Matters in the Creation of Social Enterprise - Clare Woodcraft 18. Kaamen: Designing Profitable Impact - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan 19. Nisaa FM: Seeking Social Change in Palestine through Radio as a Medium - Sadaf Khurshid 20. We Love Reading: Reading for Pleasure - Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan and Sadaf Khurshid 21. Tree Change Dolls: Creating a Movement to Recycle, Repair, and Upcycle Dolls - Sadaf Khurshid and Melodena Stephens Balakrishnan 22. Perspective: How Do You Measure Impact? - Anna-Liisa Goggs Case Grid Authors and Editors Biographies