What if anything justifies us in believing the testimony of others? How should we react to disagreement between ourselves and our peers, and to disagreement among the experts when we ourselves are novices? Can beliefs be held by groups of people in addition to the people composing those groups? And if so, how should groups go about forming their beliefs? How should we design social systems, such as legal juries and scientific research-sharing schemes, to promote knowledge among the people who engage in them? When different groups of people judge different beliefs to be justified, how can we tell which groups are correct? These questions are at the heart of the vital discipline of social epistemology. The classic articles in this volume address these questions in ways that are both cutting-edge and easy to understand. This volume will be of great interest to scholars and students in epistemology.
Alvin Goldman is Board of Governors Professor, Department of Philosophy and Center for Cognitive Science, Rutgers University. Dennis Whitcomb is Assistant Professor of Philosophy, Western Washington University
INTRODUCTION; BY DENNIS WHITCOMB; I. CONCEPTIONS OF SOCIAL EPISTEMOLOGY; II. TRUST IN TESTIMONY AND EXPERTS; III. REASONABLE PEER DISAGREEMENT; IV. JUDGMENT AGGREGATION; V. SYSTEMS DESIGN
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