Both historical and contemporary features of Canadian social welfare are explored in this wide-ranging and in-depth collection. Social Fabric or Patchwork Quilt explores the evolution of the Canadian social welfare state from a system based upon voluntarism and philanthropy to one in which the State's involvement has increased considerably. It also shows how the roles of governments at all levels have changed in recent times. Chapters describe the developing Canadian welfare state from Confederation to the present. Beginning with an integrative framework in the general introduction, the selected essays represent many perspectives: chronological, regional, multidisciplinary and ideological. An important feature of this collection is the consideration of providers and recipients. Such wide-ranging outlooks are possible given the diverse backgrounds of contributors, which include historians, sociologists, social workers, public policy experts and political scientists.
As well as historical and sociological studies, topics include key programs (discussed in detail), the quality of services received by principal target groups, new directions in research; some contributions even revisit foundational older works and key government documents.
Raymond B. Blake is Professor and Chair of the Department of History at the University of Regina. Jeffrey Keshen is Dean of Arts at Mount Royal University.
Introduction I: Beginnings Chapter 1 Saving for a Rainy Day: Social Security in Late Nineteenth-Century and Early Twentieth-Century Canada Dennis T. Guest Chapter 2 Blood on the Factory Floor: The Workers' Compensation Movement in Canada and the United States Robert H. Babcock Chapter 3 "In the Interests of the Children": Mothers' Allowances and the Origins of Income Security in Ontario, 1917-1930 James Struthers Chapter 4 Scandal and Social Policy: The Ideal Maternity Home and the Evolution of Social Policy in Nova Scotia, 1940-1951 Karen Balcom Chapter 5 "Forward to a Farm": Land Settlement as Unemployment Relief in the 1930s Dawn S. Bowen Chapter 6 History According to the Boucher Report: Some Reflections on the State and Social Welfare in Quebec before the Quiet Revolution B.L. Vigod Chapter 7 A New Taxpayer for a New State: Charitable Fundraising and the Origins of the Welfare State Shirley Tillotson II: Triumph to Reform Chapter 8 A New Beginning: "The Veteran's Charter" Jeffrey A. Keshen Chapter 9 In the Children's Interest? Change and Continuity in a Century of Canadian Social Welfare Initiatives for Children Raymond B. Blake Chapter 10 Income Maintenance, Insurance Principles, and the "Liberal 1960s": Canada's Unemployment Insurance Program, 1961-1971 L. Richard Lund Chapter 11 Integrating the Inuit: Social Work Practice in the Eastern Arctic, 1955-1963 Frank James Tester Chapter 12 First Nations Child and Family Services, 1982-1992: Facing the Realities Peter Hudson and Sharon Taylor-Henley Chapter 13 Eroding Canadian Social Welfare: The Mulroney Legacy, 1984-1993 Patricia Evans Chapter 14 The Rise of Chain Nursing Homes in Ontario, 1971-1996 Joel A.C. Baum Chapter 15 Access to Physician Services in Quebec: Relative Influence of Household Income and Area of Residence Francois Rivest, Pascal Bosse, Silviu Nedelca, and Alain Simard III: New Realities in Social Security Chapter 16 The Social Policy Divide: The Welfare State in Canada and the United States Keith Banting Chapter 17 Current Issues Surrounding Poverty and Welfare Programming in Canada: Two Reviews Garson Hunter and Dionne Miazdyck Chapter 18 Tilting Toward Marketization: Reform of the Canadian Pension Plan Glenn Drover Chapter 19 Canadian Disability Policy: Still a Hit-and-Miss Affair Michael J. Prince Chapter 20 Employment Benefits for Same-Sex Couples: The Expanding Entitlement Donald D. Carter Chapter 21 Three Choices for the Future of Medicare Gregory P. Marchildon Chapter 22 How Will the Charter of Rights and Freedoms and Evolving Jurisprudence Affect Health-Care Costs? Donna Greschner Chapter 23 The Contribution of the Social Economy to Social Policy: Lessons from Quebec Yves Vaillancourt, Francois Aubry, Louise Tremblay, Muriel Kearney, and Luc Theriault Sources