Throughout the twentieth century, much of the population in Latin America lacked access to social protection. Since the 1990s, however, social policy for millions of outsiders - rural, informal, and unemployed workers and dependents - has been expanded dramatically. Social Policy Expansion in Latin America shows that the critical factors driving expansion are electoral competition for the vote of outsiders and social mobilization for policy change. The balance of partisan power and the involvement of social movements in policy design explain cross-national variation in policy models, in terms of benefit levels, coverage, and civil society participation in implementation. The book draws on in-depth case studies of policy making in Argentina, Brazil, Chile, and Mexico over several administrations and across three policy areas: health care, pensions, and income support. Secondary case studies illustrate how the theory applies to other developing countries.
Candelaria Garay is an Associate Professor of Public Policy at the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University, Massachusetts. She received a PhD in Political Science from the University of California, Berkeley and a BA in Sociology from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina.
1. Including outsiders in Latin America; 2. Explaining social policy expansion and policy models; 3. The social policy divide in Latin America; 4. Social mobilization, electoral competition for outsiders and inclusive social policy in Brazil; 5. Social mobilization and inclusive social policy in Argentina; 6. Electoral competition for outsiders, conservative power and restrictive social policy in Mexico; 7. Electoral competition for outsiders, conservative power and restrictive social policy in Chile; 8. Social policy expansion in comparative perspective; Appendices; Bibliography; References; Index.