Concepts lie at the core of social science theory and methodology. They provide substance to theories; they form the basis of measurement; they influence the selection of cases. Social Science Concepts: A Users Guide explores alternative means of concept construction and their impact on the role of concepts in measurement, case selection, and theories. While there exists a plethora of books on measurement, scaling, and the like, there are virtually no books devoted to the construction and analysis of concepts and their role in the research enterprise. Social Science Concepts: A Users Guide provides detailed and practical advice on the construction and use of social science concepts; a Web site provides classroom exercises. It uses a wide range of examples from political science and sociology such as revolution, welfare state, international disputes and war, and democracy to illustrate the theoretical and practical issues of concept construction and use. It explores the means of constructing complex, multilevel, and multidimensional concepts.
In particular, it examines the classic necessary and sufficient condition approach to concept building and contrasts it with the family resemblance approach. The consequences of valid concept construction are explored in both qualitative and quantitative analyses. Social Science Concepts: A Users Guide will prove an indispensable guide for graduate students and scholars in the social sciences. More broadly, it will appeal to scholars in any field who wish to think more carefully about the concepts used to create theories and research designs. For Course Use: Social Science Concepts: A Users Guide has been written with classroom use in mind. Many of the chapters have been successfully taught at the Annual Training Institute on Qualitative Research Methods which is sponsored by the Consortium on Qualitative Research Methods. Feedback from those experiences has been incorporated into the text. Each chapter provides useful, practical, and detailed advice on how to construct, evaluate, and use concepts. To make the volume more useful, an extensive set of classroom exercises is available from the author's Web page at http://www.u.arizona.edu/~ggoertz/social_science_concepts.html.
These include questions about prominent published work on concepts, measures, and case selection; in addition there are logic exercises and questions regarding large-N applications.
Gary Goertz is Professor of Political Science at the University of Arizona. He is the author of "Contexts of International Politics and International Norms" and "Decision Making: A Punctuated Equilibrium Model", and the coauthor of "War and Peace in International Rivalry".
List of Tables vii List of Figures ix Acknowledgments xi Chapter One: Introduction 1 PART ONE: THEORETICAL, STRUCTURAL, AND EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS OF CONCEPTS 25 Chapter Two: Structuring and Theorizing Concepts 27 Chapter Three: Concept Intension and Extension 69 Chapter Four: Increasing Concept-Measure Consistency 95 Chapter Five: Substitutability and Weakest-Link Measures with William F. Dixon 129 PART TWO: CONCEPTS AND CASE SELECTION 157 Chapter Six: Concepts and Selecting (on) the Dependent Variable with J. Joseph Hewitt 159 Chapter Seven: Negative Case Selection: The Possibility Principle with James Mahoney 177 Chapter Eight: Concepts and Choosing Populations with J.Joseph Hewitt 211 PART THREE: CONCEPTS INTHEORIES 235 Chapter Nine: Concepts in Theories: Two-Level Theories with James Mahoney 237 References 269 Exercises and Web Site 289 Index 291