During the last decades, the world has been facing tremendous political transformations and new risks: epidemics such as HIV/Aids have had destabilizing effect on the caretaking role of kin; in post-socialist countries political reforms have made unemployment a new source of insecurity. Furthermore, the state's withdrawal from providing social security is taking place throughout the world. One response to these developments has been increased migration, which poses further challenges to kinship-based social support systems. This innovative volume focuses on the ambiguous role of religious networks in social security and traces the interrelatedness of religious networks and state and family support systems. Particularly timely, it describes these challenges as well as social security arrangements in the context of globalization and migration. The wide range of case studies from various parts of the world that examine various religious groups offers an important comparative contribution to the understanding of religious networks as providers of social security.
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits is currently a research associate at the Center for Southeastern European History at the University of Graz and a lecturer at the Institute of Cultural and Social Anthropology at the University of Vienna. She has conducted research in Croatia and Serbia and has published on forced migration, social security, confl ict and reconciliation. Anja Peleikis is a researcher at the Institute of Social Anthropology, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Germany where she co-leads the project After the Survivors. Performing the Holocaust and the Jewish Past in the New Yad Vashem Museum and in the Jewish Museum, Berlin.A" She has conducted research in Lebanon, Lithuania and Berlin/Jerusalem and has published on transnational migration, roots tourism, collective memory and social security. Tatjana Thelen is currently a senior lecturer in the Department of Social Anthropology at the University of Zurich (Switzerland) and directs the research project Local state and social security in rural Hungary, Romania and SerbiaA" funded by the Volkswagen foundation in Halle/Saale (Germany). She has conducted research in Hungary, Romania and Germany and has published on social security, social networks and inequality.
Acknowledgements Chapter 1. Social Security in religious networks: An introduction Tatjana Thelen, Carolin Leutloff-Grandits and Anja Peleikis Chapter 2. When AIDS becomes part of the (Christian) family: Dynamics between kinship and religious networks in Uganda Catrine Christiansen Chapter 3. 'Fight against hunger': Ambiguities of a charity campaign in post-war Croatia Carolin Leutloff-Grandits Chapter 4. Social Security, life courses and religious norms: Ambivalent layers of support in an eastern German Protestant network Tatjana Thelen Chapter 5. Longing for security: Qigong and Christian groups in the People's Republic of China Kristin Kupfer Chapter 6. Questioning Social Security in the study of religion in Africa: The ambiguous meaning of the gift in African Pentecostalism and Islam Mirjam de Bruijn and Rijk van Dijk Chapter 7. Nuns, fundraising and volunteering: The gifting of care in Czech services for the elderly and infirm Rosie Read Chapter 8. 'Church shopping' in Malawi: Acquiring multiple resources in urban Christian networks Barbara Rohregger Chapter 9. The (re-)making of translocal networks through Social Security practices: The case of German and Lithuanian Lutherans in the Curonian Spit Anja Peleikis Chapter 10. Women's congregations as transnational Social Security networks Gertrud Huwelmeier Chapter 11. Negotiating needs and obligations in Haitian transnational religious and family networks Heike Drotbohm Notes on contributors Index