Renaissance Florence has often been described as the birthplace of modern individualism, as reflected in the individual genius of its great artists, scholars, and statesmen. The historical research of recent decades has instead shown that Florentines during the Renaissance remained enmeshed in relationships of family, neighborhood, guild, patronage, and religion that, from a twenty-first-century perspective, greatly limited the scope of individual thought and action. The sixteen essays in this volume expand the groundbreaking work of Gene Brucker, the historian in recent decades who has been most responsible for the discovery and exploration of these pre-modern qualities of the Florentine Renaissance. Exploring new approaches to the social world of Florentines during this fascinating era, the essays are arranged in three groups. The first deals with the exceptionally resilient and homogenous Florentine merchant elite, the true protagonist of much of Florentine history. The second considers Florentine religion and Florence's turbulent relations with the Church. The last group of essays looks at criminals, expatriates, and other outsiders to Florentine society.
William J. Connell holds the Joseph M. and Geraldine C. La Motta Chair in Italian Studies at Seton Hall University and is a member of the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton. He is coeditor of Florentine Tuscany: Structures and Practices of Power (2000), author of La citta dei crucci: fazioni e clientele in uno stato repubblicano del '400 (2000), and coeditor of Renaissance Essays (1993).
Acknowledgments Abbreviations Introduction William J. Connell 1. "Be Rather Loved Than Feared" Class Relations in Quattrocento Florence F.W. Kent 2. Giannozzo and His Elders Alberti's Critique of Renaissance Patriarchy John M. Najemy 3. Li Emergenti Bisogni Matrimoniali in Renaissance Florence Julius Kirshner 4. Michele del Giogante's House of Memory Dale Kent 5. Inheritance and Identity in Early Renaissance Florence The Estate of Paliano di Falco Thomas Kuehn 6. Perceived Insults and Their Consequences Acciaiuoli, Neroni, and Medici Relationships in the 1460s Margery A. Ganz 7. The War of the Eight Saints in Florentine Memory and Oblivion David S. Peterson 8. Naming a Nun Spiritual Exemplars and Corporate Identity in Florentine Convents, 1450--1530 Sharon T. Strocchia 9. The Prophet as Physician of Souls Savonarola's Manual for Confessors Donald Weinstein 10. Raging against Priests in Italian Renaissance Verse Lauro Martines 11. Liturgy for Nonliturgists A Glimpse at San Lorenzo William M. Bowsky 12. The Florentine Criminal Underworld The Underside of the Renaissance John K. Brackett 13. Lay Male Identity in the Institutions of a Tuscan Provincial Town James R. Banker 14. Insiders and Outsiders The Changing Boundaries of Exile Alison Brown 15. The Identity of the Expatriate Florentines in Venice in the Late Fourteenth and Early Fifteenth Centuries Paula Clarke 16. Clement VII and the Crisis of the Sack of Rome Paul Flemer Contributors Index