Divided into three main sections on Phonology, Syntax and Semantics, this new volume on variation in French aims to provide a snapshot of the state of sociolinguistic research inside and outside metropolitan France. From a diatopic perspective, varieties in France, Belgium, Switzerland, Africa and Canada are considered, mainly with respect to phonological features but also focusing on syntactic and lexical evolutions (the relative clause in Ivorian French and discourse markers in Canadian French). The acquisition of stylistic features of French figures in chapters on both first and second language learners and variation across different genres is addressed with respect to non-standard non-finite forms. Finally, a section on semantic change traces the way that interactional and other socio-historical factors affect word meaning. The volume will appeal to (socio-)linguists with an interest in contemporary French as well as to advanced undergraduates and post-graduate students of French and specialists in the field.
1. Introduction (by Beeching, Kate); 2. Section I. Phonological variation and leveling; 3. Introduction (by Armstrong, Nigel); 4. Perception and production in French dialect leveling (by Armstrong, Nigel); 5. The sociolinguistic relevance of regional categories: Some evidence from word-final consonant devoicing in French spoken in Belgium (by Hambye, Philippe); 6. Prosodic style-shifting as audience design: Real-time monitoring of pitch range and contour types in Swiss French (by Miller, Jessica Sertling); 7. The immigrant factor in phonological leveling (by Pooley, Tim); 8. A prototype-theoretic model of Southern French (by Pustka, Elissa); 9. The law of position revisited: The case of mid-vowels in Briancon French (by Violin-Wigent, Anne); 10. Section II. Stylistic and syntactic variation; 11. Introduction (by Gadet, Francoise); 12. Variation in first and second language French: The case of parce que (by Bilger, Mireille); 13. French preadolescents' perceptions of stylistic variation: A contrastive sociolinguistic study (by Buson, Laurence); 14. Sociolinguistic variation in African French: The Ivorian relative clause (by Moseng Knutsen, Anne); 15. Register variation in the non-standard use of non-finite forms (by Rossi-Gensane, Nathalie); 16. Section III. Lexical variation and semantic change; 17. Introduction (by Beeching, Kate); 18. Discourse markers and regional variation in French: A lexico-semantic approach (by Dostie, Gaetane); 19. Sociolinguistic factors and the pragmaticalization of bon in contemporary spoken French (by Beeching, Kate); 20. From 'luck' to 'wealth': The stylistic (re)distribution of fortune in Modern French (by Courbon, Bruno); 21. Index