A study carried out in 1963-64 in a small village in the Sicilian interior focusing on how people could improve their living standard through co-operation. In 1988-89, two persons who worked on the original study returned to the same village. Troina has 2,000 fewer inhabitants, no factory exists, and unemployment is still high. However, new houses have been built, cars are to be seen everywhere. Miseria (extreme poverty) is a thing of the past. Despite this, locals still consider the future with insecurity, and the younger generation see no alternative to emigration. The present study explores this contradiction.