Sociology and Education is a sound introduction to sociology of education. The book examines the respective logics behind the contemporary sociological approaches to education, their assumptions and their limits. It clarifies the links between psychology of cognitive development, micro-sociology and macro-sociology, as well as the role ascribed to human reason in social action. Special attention is given to major scientific discussions and empirical findings regarding inequality of educational opportunity.
Rooted in both American and European sociology, the book helps the reader grasp the viewpoint of the different theoretical approaches to formal education and thus to envisage new perspectives.
The Author: Nathalie Bulle is Researcher in the French National Center of Scientific Research (CNRS) with the Methods of Sociological Analysis Research Group (GEMAS), Paris. She is the author of La rationalite des decisions scolaires (1999), Ecole et Societe - Les paradoxes de la democratie (2001, ed. with R. Boudon et M. Cherkaoui) and L'ecole et son double. Essai sur l'evolution pedagogique en France (to be published).
Contents: The psychogenesis of cognitive development - The sociogenesis of cognitive development - Cognitive development and formal education - Theories of knowledge and educational principles - Karl Marx - Emile Durkheim - George H. Mead - Talcott Parsons - Alfred Schutz - Raymond Boudon - Structuralism and education: The axiological / motivational level - The logical / cognitive level - The symbolic / expressive level - Action and interaction in sociology of education: The axiological / motivational level - The cognitive / logical level - The symbolic / expressive level - Karl Marx and the school of labor - Naturalism, social utopia and education in the work of Herbert Spencer - Lester F. Ward and democracy through universalization of knowledge - John Dewey and education for democracy - The "problems of democratization of culture" according to Karl Mannheim - Pragmatism, sociology and knowledge: Durkheim's criticism - Functional approaches - Conflict theories - Interactionist approaches - Educational systems and occupational systems - Impact of social variables on academic achievement - Impact of institutional variables on academic achievement.