Sociology and its applications are key components of the core foundation programme in nursing and healthcare. Sociology of health and health care is an essential textbook for all students of nursing and healthcare and is organised in four parts: the nature of sociology and sociological research; the social patterning of health and disease; the social aspects of illness and dying; and the organisation and delivery of health care. Sociology of health and health care explores the nature of sociology and sociological research and their application to health and health care. It explores the impact of current social contexts on health and healthcare and recent developments in healthcare policy and addresses their implications for nursing and inter-professional working. This fourth edition also examines new approaches to understanding social inequalities in health and experiences of chronic illness and dying.
Steve Taylor is Lecturer in Medical Sociology and Medical Law at King's College, London. David Field is at the Department of Epidemiology and Public Health at the University of Leicester.
Part I: Introduction. 1. Sociology, social research and health. What is sociology?. Social research. Doing social research. Research Methods. Theoretical divisions in sociology. Sociology applied to health and health care. Summary. 2. Approaches to Health and Health Care. The biomedical model of health. Socio-medical models of health. Social aspects of sickness. Summary. Part II: Social Patterns in Health and Disease. 3. Socio-economic Inequalities in Health. Historical background. Measuring inequality and health. The widening gap in socio-economic health inequalities. Explanations for socio-economic health inequalities. Relative deprivation and psycho-social stress. Addressing socio-economic inequalities. Summary. 4. Ethnicity and Health. Race and ethnicity. Health and illness in minority ethnic communities. Explaining ethnic variations in health and illness. Health services and health care. Summary. 5. Gender differences in Health. Gender patterns in mortality. Explaining gender differences in mortality. The narrowing gap in gender mortality. Morbidity: are women really sicker?. Explaining gender differences in morbidity. Gender, health and social change. Summary. 6. Health and Disease in Old Age. Older people and the aging of society. Understanding ageing and health in older people. Older people in contemporary Britain. Chronic illness and disability in old age. Healthy life expectancy. Health care and older people. Summary. Part III: Illness and Dying. 7. Chronic Illness and Physical Disability. Approaches to chronic illness and disability. Chronic Illness and physical disability in contemporary Britain. Body and identity. Experiencing chronic Illness and physical disability. Adjusting to a chronic condition. Care and caring. Summary. 8. Mental Disorders. Approaches to mental disorder. Self harming behaviour. Care of the mentally disordered. Suicide and self harm. Care or control?. Summary. 9. Death and Dying. Death in contemporary Britain. The main places of care. Communication and disclosure. Bereavement. End of life issues. Summary. Part IV: Health Care. 10. Health Care in Contemporary Britain. Social and cultural changes. Pressures on the NHS. The organisation of health care. The changing culture of health care. Summary. 11. Health Policy in Britain. Health policy and the politics of health. The NHS: origins and reforms. Patterns of work in the NHS. Summary. 12. Nurses and nursing. Nursing and the changing NHS. Changing roles in Nursing. Nurses, doctors and patients. New roles and the organisation of nursing work. Risk and regulation. Summary