Software Test Engineering with IBM Rational Functional Tester: The Definitive Resource

Software Test Engineering with IBM Rational Functional Tester: The Definitive Resource

By: Daniel Gouveia (author), Jeffrey B. Bocarsley (author), Daniel Chirillo (author), Fariz Saracevic (author), Chip Davis (author), Marc van Lint (author), Lee B. Thomas (author), Larry Quesada (author)Paperback

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<> Praise for Software Test Engineering with IBM Rational Functional Tester "Finally, a manual for the Software Test Engineer! Many manuals on the market today are geared toward developers, and none exist for Rational Functional Tester. This is one of the first manuals geared toward the Automated Test Engineer acknowledging the depth of knowledge required for a very complex job. The manual will assist all levels of test engineering with very specific steps and hands-on advice. This manual is a reference book that no Automated Test Engineer using RFT should be without!" -Penny Bowser, CTFL, CHE, QA Manager "The authors succeed in walking a line between sharing a wealth of technical knowledge and providing enough context to ensure the readers understand what they need to do and why. Novices and skilled practitioners alike should find the work a good read and a solid reference. Automating functional testing tends to receive less investment than it should, to the detriment of organizations everywhere. If the reader is seeking to improve his knowledge of Rational Functional Tester and make an impact using that knowledge, there is no better reference than this excellent distillation of years of field-proven experience." -David J. Trent, Market Manager of Process and Best Practices Segment for Rational Software, IBM "As a former manager of the group that tested IBM's Rational Functional Tester, like a few others, I see clearly how this book can help teams multiply the benefits they derive from this product." -Ted Rivera, Senior Agile Transformation Architect, IBM Software Group "This book is a wonderful, in-depth resource for novice and expert users alike." -Brian McCall, former IBM IT Specialist "This collection of Rational Functional Tester information is a `must have' for anyone using this solution. Everyone from beginners to advanced users will find this book very helpful." -Lew Cote, IBM Technical Solution Architect "This much-needed book effectively describes the value of Rational Functional Tester for functional testing needs. The book is well organized, thought through, and has all the latest information. The authors are no doubt subject matter experts." -Kamala Parvathanathan, Senior Manager, IBM Rational The Indispensable Resource for Automated Testing Automated software testing has become a critical exercise, especially for developers utilizing iterative and agile methods. However, to achieve the full benefits of automated testing, teams need a deep understanding of both its principles and their testing tools. If you're among the thousands of developers using IBM Rational Functional Tester (RFT), this book brings together all the insight, examples, and real-world solutions you need to succeed. Eight leading IBM testing experts thoroughly introduce this state-of-the-art product, covering issues ranging from building test environments through executing the most complex and powerful tests. Drawing on decades of experience with IBM Rational testing products, they address both technical and nontechnical challenges and present everything from best practices to reusable code. Coverage Includes Integrating IBM RFT into your development processes Building highly efficient test environments, test harnesses, and test scripts Using RFT Visual Editor to extend testing automation to novice users Mastering basic scripting techniques, from data capture to script synchronization Managing script data using RFT Datapools Efficiently debugging scripts using Eclipse (TM) or Visual Studio (R) Managing execution flow: playback settings, logic, error handling, and more Handling domains that are not supported by RFT Using advanced techniques, such as mouse delays and custom verification pointsTesting specialized software, including mainframe, SAP, Siebel, and Adobe (R) Flex (R) applications Extending RFT with external libraries Developing RFT support for third-party Java (TM) or .NET controls Using RFT in both Linux (R) and Windows (R) environments Configuring internationalized testing within the RFT framework

About Author

Chip Davis, member of IBM Rational Brand Services, has been deploying solutions for clients across North America since 1999. Daniel Chirillo, Senior Consulting IT Specialist with IBM Rational Brand Services, helps customers deploy Rational tools, with a focus on testing and change management. Daniel Gouveia, Certified Consulting IT Specialist with IBM Rational Technical Sales, has mentored and trained customers on RFT tools and processes since 2000. Fariz Saracevic, member of Automated Software Quality Product Management, focuses on advancing capabilities and defining customer inputs into RFT requirements. Jeff Bocarsly is VP and Division Manager for functional testing services at RTTS, a leader in software quality engineering services. Larry Quesada, Amazon Web Services sales rep, drives technical sales and delivers consulting services. Lee Thomas, Open Group Master-Certified IT Specialist with IBM Rational Brand Services, tests software, helps clients in various industries, and is a leader in the automated functional testing community. Marc van Lint, technical professional with IBM Rational Brand Services, focuses on the software-delivery process.

Contents

Foreword . . . xi Preface . . . xiii Acknowledgments . . . xix About the Authors . . . xxi Chapter 1 Overview of Rational Functional Tester . . . 1 Architecture of Rational Functional Tester . . . 1 Installation and Licensing . . . 4 Enabling the Environment for Testing . . . 8 Configuring Applications for Testing . . . 11 Configuring Object Recognition Properties . . . 12 Recording a First Script . . . 12 Playing Back a Script and Viewing Results . . . 20 Script Editing and Augmentation . . . 22 ScriptAssure . . . 37 Playback Settings . . . 49 Chapter 2 Storyboard Testing . . . 54 Overview of Storyboard Testing . . . 54 Similarities and Differences to Chapter 1 . . . 55 Enabling Storyboard Testing . . . 56 Recording a First Script . . . 57 Playing Back a Script and Viewing Results . . . 72 Script Editing and Augmentation . . . 77 Setting Preferences for Storyboard Testing . . . 83 Chapter 3 General Script Enhancements . . . 85 Test Script Synchronization . . . 85 Placing a Generic Delay in Your Script . . . 86 Waiting for Test Objects to Come into Existence . . . 88 Timing How Long Something Takes to Execute in a Script . . . 93 Working with Test Objects . . . 98 Working with the Clipboard Object . . . 98 Viewing an Object's Properties . . . 105 Retrieving All Properties of a Test Object . . . 110 Retrieving the Value of a Single Property . . . 112 Programmatically Retrieving Data from an Object in My Application . . . 113 Determining a Test Object's Valid Test Data Type Arguments to getTestData(). . . 116 Using getTestData to Extract Data from a Text Field . . . 117 Using getTestData to Extract Data from a List . . . 118 Using getTestData() to Read Data in a Table . . . 121 Using getTestData() to Extract Data from a Tree . . . 126 Obtaining Data from a Test Object That the Rational Functional Tester Verification Point Wizard Does Not Capture . . . 130 Creating a Custom Verification Point . . . 131 Changing the Value of a Test Object's Property . . . 135 Evolving Custom Scripting into Reusable Methods . . . 136 Chapter 4 XML and Rational Functional Tester . . . 144 Handling XML in Rational Functional Tester . . . 144 Using the XML DOM with Rational Functional Tester . . . 146 Processing XML with SAX in Rational Functional Tester . . . 167 Chapter 5 Managing Script Data . . . 176 Accessing Rational Functional Tester Datapools . . . 176 Database Access from Java and .NET . . . 184 Handling User-Specific Runtime Variables . . . 197 Chapter 6 Debugging Scripts . . . 207 Common Debugging Concepts . . . 207 Debugging in Eclipse . . . 210 Debugging in Visual Studio . . . 216 Chapter 7 Managing Script Execution . . . 221 Setting Execution Options Within Your Scripts . . . 221 Manipulating Playback Options Within Scripts . . . 222 Flow Control . . . 224 Returning Values from My Scripts . . . 263 Developing Regression Scripts . . . 267 Executing a Functional Tester Script from the Command Line . . . 281 Scheduling Script Execution . . . 288 Executing a Functional Tester Script from a Plain Java Class . . . 288 Chapter 8 Handling Unsupported Domain Objects . . . 290 Rational Functional Tester and Unsupported Objects . . . 290 Using Rational Functional Tester with Unsupported Objects . . . 291 Unsupported Objects on Windows and Linux . . . 300 Chapter 9 Advanced Rational Functional Tester Object Map Topics . . . 301 Rational Functional Tester Object Map . . . 301 Rational Functional Tester Object Recognition Framework . . . 307 Customizing Recognition Properties and Weights . . . 318 Renaming Test Objects (ScriptHelper Methods) . . . 320 Searching the Object Map . . . 322 Sharing Test Objects Between Multiple Scripts . . . 326 Chapter 10 Advanced Scripting with Rational Functional Tester TestObjects . . . 330 Mapped TestObjects and Unmapped TestObjects . . . 331 Unregistering TestObjects . . . 331 Finding Objects Dynamically . . . 332 Handling Third-Party Controls . . . 342 How Many Different Ways Are There to Capture Data from a Control in Rational Functional Tester? . . . 359 Chapter 11 Testing Specialized Applications . . . 362 Why Rational Functional Tester Won't Test Every Application . . . 362 Extension for Terminal-Based Applications . . . 363 Recording the Test Script . . . 365 SAP . . . 368 Siebel . . . 379 Recording the Test Script (Siebel) . . . 382 Adobe Flex . . . 384 Recording the Test Script (Flex) . . . 391 Chapter 12 Extending Rational Functional Tester with External Libraries . . . 396 Testing PDF Files . . . 396 Writing to a Custom Log File with Log4j and Log4net . . . 419 Interfacing with COM Scriptable Components . . . 449 Chapter 13 Building Support for New Objects with the Proxy SDK . . . 477 Figuring Out Which Proxy to Extend . . . 478 Creating a Proxy Project . . . 483 Adding Object Recognition . . . 490 Verifying Object Properties . . . 497 Verifying Object Data . . . 505 Executing a Click Using Object Information . . . 514 Building the Proxy . . . 523 Mapping the Proxy . . . 528 Taking an Easier Path . . . 533 Debugging a Proxy . . . 539 Chapter 14 Developing Scripts in the VB.NET Environment . . . 543 Installing Rational Functional Tester into Visual Studio .NET . . . 543 Locating Projects on Network Shares . . . 543 Reusing Code . . . 545 Chapter 15 Using Rational Functional Tester in a Linux Environment . . . 548 Installation . . . 548 Using Rational Functional Tester . . . 553 Chapter 16 Internationalized Testing with Rational Functional Tester . . . 569 Unicode and Rational Functional Tester . . . 569 Handling Internationalized Data in Rational Functional Tester . . . 572 Setting Up an Internationalized Test in Rational Functional Tester . . . 574 Modifying a Language-Specific Object Map . . . 592 Modifying Language-Specific Verification Points . . . 596 Modifying Language-Specific Datapools . . . 598 A Fully Internationalized Driver Script . . . 600 A Target Script for the Internationalized Driver Script . . . 602 The Real World . . . 604 Appendix A Advanced Logging Techniques . . . 606 Sending Test Results Via Email . . . 606 Transforming the XML Log by Using XSL . . . 612 Creating Your Own RSS Log Type . . . 622 Appendix B Regular Expressions in Rational Functional Tester . . . 632 Using Regular Expressions in Rational Functional Tester Scripts . . . 633 Writing Regular Expressions . . . 634 Index . . . 650

Product Details

  • ISBN13: 9780137000661
  • Format: Paperback
  • Number Of Pages: 696
  • ID: 9780137000661
  • weight: 1089
  • ISBN10: 0137000669

Delivery Information

  • Saver Delivery: Yes
  • 1st Class Delivery: Yes
  • Courier Delivery: Yes
  • Store Delivery: Yes

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