Forest soils form the foundation that underpins the existence of all forests. This book encapsulates soil ecology and functioning in northern forests, focusing on the effects of human activity and climate change. The authors introduce the fundamental principles necessary for studying forest soils, and explain the functioning and mutual influence of all parts of a forest soil ecosystem. A chapter is dedicated to each of soil acidity and heavy metal pollution, elevated carbon dioxide, nitrogen deposition and climate change, highlighting the most important anthropogenic factors influencing forest soil functioning and how these soils are likely to respond to environmental change. With its unique view of the functioning of the soils found under temperate and boreal forests in today's rapidly changing world, this book is of interest to anyone studying forestry and forest ecology in European, North American and North Asian contexts.
Martin Lukac is Research Assistant at the School of Agriculture, Policy and Development, University of Reading, Reading, UK. His main areas of interest are carbon cycling, forest ecology and climate change impacts on ecosystems. He is involved in teaching and research in the area of climate change, focusing on its effects on ecosystem functioning and stability. Douglas L. Godbold is Professor of Forest Sciences, School of Environment, Natural Resources and Geography, Bangor University, Bangor, Wales. His research interests include tree roots and rhizosphere biology, particularly in the context of environmental change. He teaches in the areas of plant-soil interactions and forest ecosystems.
Preface; 1. Introduction; 2. Soil properties; 3. Forest soil development and classification; 4. Soil fungi; 5. Soil water; 6. Forest carbon cycle; 7. Nutrient cycling; 8. Northern forests in a high CO2 world; 9. Soil acidity and heavy metal pollution; 10. Nitrogen; 11. Soil functioning and climate change; References; Index.